EGU2020-15249, updated on 12 Jun 2020
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

A yellow SWIM service dedicated to aviation and ATM by providing early warnings of volcanic SO2 layer height from TROPOMI and IASI sensors

Hugues Brenot1, Nicolas Theys1, Scott Wilson2, Rory Clarkson3, Lieven Clarisse4, Adam Durant5,6, Giuseppe Salerno7, Stefano Corradini8, Riccardo Biondi9, Klaus Sievers10, Christophe Lerot1, Jeroen van Gent1, Sheri Smith5, and Michel Van Roozendael1
Hugues Brenot et al.
  • 1Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (BIRA-IASB), Brussels, Belgium (
  • 2Eurocontrol, Headquarters, Brussels, Belgium (
  • 3Rolls-Royce, Derby, UK (
  • 4Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Spectroscopy, department of Quantum Chemistry and Atmospheric Remote Sensing, Brussels, Belgium (
  • 5Satavia, Cambridge, UK (
  • 6Michigan Tech., Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences, Houghton, MI, USA (
  • 7Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Osservatorio Etneo, Catania, Italy (
  • 8Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Rome, Italy (
  • 9Università degli Studi di Padova, Dipartimento di Geoscienze, Padova, Italy (
  • 10Klaus Sievers Aviation Weather, Lenggries, Germany (

Volcanic ash and gas is, like sulphur dioxide (SO2), a major risk for air traffic. To mitigate this risk and to improve situational awareness for air traffic management (ATM), we describe a new service using the SWIM (System Wide Information System Management) Yellow Profile – see – and aligned with the ATM Information Reference Model (AIRM) as required.

This new service provides early warnings of volcanic SO2 layer height (SO2LH) retrievals from 3 satellite instruments (TROPOMI on board S5P, and IASI-A&-B on board MetOp-A&B). The implementation of this service is enveloped in the framework of OPAS – Operational alert Products for ATM via SWIM – project, a KTN (Knowledge Transfer Network) Engage Catalyst funded project (Thematic Challenge 3; of SESAR JU (Single European Sky ATM Research Joint Undertaking;

We present the TROPOMI SO2LH algorithm and the uses of inverse modelling and external observations from satellites and ground-based DOAS-FLAME instruments to validate TROPOMI SO2LH products for recent eruptions (i.e. Etna in Dec. 2018, Raikoke in June 2019, Ubinas in July 2019, Taal in January 2020). Cross-comparison with the satellite instruments CALIOP (Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization), IASI (Infrared Atmospheric Sounder Interferometer) and with GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) radio-occultations, is shown. 

This study will describe the specification of our SWIM service and highlight the point of view of an engine constructor (Rolls-Royce) directly in relation with airlines and ATM, with regard to the objectives of the APOS project. Note that due to engine susceptibility to aerosols, the avoidance of flights through volcanic plumes and SO2 clouds is critical.

The development of our new SO2LH products from TROPOMI contributes to an existing early warning system, so called SACS (Support to Aviation Control Service; This system is dedicated to support aviation and ATM, and was recently upgraded in the frame of EUNADICS-AV project (European Natural Airborne Disaster Information and Coordination System for Aviation;, with many other alert products related to natural airborne hazard affecting air traffic (e.g. volcanic ash column and layer height, smoke from forest fires and desert dust).

How to cite: Brenot, H., Theys, N., Wilson, S., Clarkson, R., Clarisse, L., Durant, A., Salerno, G., Corradini, S., Biondi, R., Sievers, K., Lerot, C., van Gent, J., Smith, S., and Van Roozendael, M.: A yellow SWIM service dedicated to aviation and ATM by providing early warnings of volcanic SO2 layer height from TROPOMI and IASI sensors, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-15249,, 2020

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