EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

PIONEER: open wireless sensor network for smart environmental monitoring of remote areas

Federico Dallo1,2, Daniele Zannoni1, Fabrizio de Blasi1, Jacopo Gabrieli1, Carlo Barbante1,2, Paolo Bonasoni3, Paolo Cristofanelli3, Francescopiero Calzolari3, Ann Mari Fjaeraa4, Are Bäcklund4, and Fred Bauman5
Federico Dallo et al.
  • 1National Research Council of Italy, Institute of Polar Sciences, Mestre, Italy
  • 2Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and Statistics, Ca' Foscari University of Venice, Venice, Italy
  • 3National Research Council of Italy, Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Bologna, Italy
  • 4Norwegian Institute for Air Research, Kjeller, Norway
  • 5Center for the Built Environment, University of California, Berkeley, USA

Atmospheric observatories in the remote areas represent the primary infrastructure for the state-of-the-art meteorological and climate research and play a crucial role in Climate Change comprehension. However, the World Meteorological Organization Global Atmosphere Watch (WMO-GAW) states in their 2018 final report that “the fate of the next generation of monitoring stations will be dramatically modified by the breakthroughs of new low-cost sensor (LCS) technologies.”. The development and improvement of low-cost technologies are proving notable applications and today LCSs are already playing a crucial role in fields such as model or emission validation and spatial variability of pollution[1]. Upcoming earth observation programmes, applications, services and support in citizen inclusion in earth monitoring are pushing the European Union (EU) in funding R&D to assess low-cost technologies, thus making the introduction of basic and applied research imperative.
PIONEER* aims at establishing a low-cost wireless sensor network (LCS-WSN) for the study of transboundary transport phenomena of air pollutants. Given its highly relevance for the Earth climate, ecosystems, and human health, primary endeavor will be directed towards the study of tropospheric ozone to obtain quantitative, reproducible in-situ measurements. Tropospheric ozone is one of the most important atmospheric gases involved in photochemical reactions[2], it plays a central role in the radiative budget of the atmosphere and it is the third greenhouse gas in the troposphere[3]. Also, surface ozone is a dangerous secondary pollutant causing harm to human health and ecosystems[4]. Since the troposphere is a very complex system the goal is to develop and deploy a reliable LCS-WSN, along the trail Munich-Venice, to be used by scientists as well as citizen engineers in remote areas, where the needs of reliable dense spatial data to model the transport phenomena and Climate Change effects is decisive. 
PIONEER will exploit the existing open source technologies and commercial low-cost sensors to provide a LCS-WSN systems for long term climate data collection, a cloud-assisted database for time series collection and management, a web portal for uploading, displaying, performing statistical analysis and downloading records and metadata in a fully open access fashion, a comprehensive open source repository with tools, guidelines and application developed. The software will be open-source and released under copyleft license, thus allowing the complete reproducibility of all the developed devices and tools. 

*Individual Global Fellowships granted by the Research Executive Agency. 
Grant Agreement number: 844526 — PIONEER — H2020-MSCA-IF-2018

[1] Lewis, Alastair, W. Richard Peltier, and Erika von Schneidemesser. "Low-cost sensors for the measurement of atmospheric composition: overview of topic and future applications." (2018).

[2] Crutzen, P.J., Lawrence, M.G., Poschl, U.,“On the background photochemistry of tropospheric ozone”, Tellus AB 51, 123–146 (1999).

[3] Forster, Piers, et al. "Changes in atmospheric constituents and in radiative forcing. Chapter 2." Climate Change 2007. The Physical Science Basis. 2007.

[4] Cooper, Owen R., et al. "Global distribution and trends of tropospheric ozone: An observation-based review." (2014).

[5] Young, P. J., et al. "Pre-industrial to end 21st century projections of tropospheric ozone from the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP)." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13.4 (2013): 2063-2090.

How to cite: Dallo, F., Zannoni, D., de Blasi, F., Gabrieli, J., Barbante, C., Bonasoni, P., Cristofanelli, P., Calzolari, F., Fjaeraa, A. M., Bäcklund, A., and Bauman, F.: PIONEER: open wireless sensor network for smart environmental monitoring of remote areas, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-15913,, 2020.


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