EGU2020-16844
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-16844
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Multi-method efficiency analysis of Rainwater Harvesting Systems in Corredor Seco region, Central America

Elena Bresci1, Giulio Castelli1, Nadia Ursino2, Antonio Giacomin1, and Federico Preti1
Elena Bresci et al.
  • 1Department of Agriculture, Food, Environment and Forestry (DAGRI), Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy (giulio.castelli@unifi.it)
  • 2Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering (ICEA), Università degli Studi di Padova, Padua, Italy

The region of Corridor Seco (Dry Corridor, including parts of Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador) has been facing multiple food crises caused by extreme weather events, water scarcity and land degradation phenomena. In this situation, Rooftop Water Harvesting (RWH) systems can effectively enhance local livelihoods, especially in marginalized communities, by providing an additional water source for domestic use, livestock, and irrigation of small horticultural plots which are key for vegetable production and thus for vitaminic input in a well-balanced diet.

Dimensioning sufficient storage tanks for rainwater collection is key, since smallholder farmers’ capabilities are often hindered by low financial capacity as well as by limited land extension for reservoir building.

Efficiency of storage tanks and design criteria for water harvesting systems are investigated on the base of rainfall time series analysis, probabilistic risk assessment and Monte Carlo simulation (Ursino, 2016). The approach is tested on a series of (RWH) systems built in Guatemalan part of the Corredor Seco, Chiquimula department, with sustainable and appropriate building techniques, but with variable size due to the variability of each household. Factors affecting efficiency of storage tanks are discussed to inform future sustainable water management planning in the area.

Reference:

Ursino, N. Risk Analysis Approach to Rainwater Harvesting Systems. Water 2016, 8, 337. https://doi.org/10.3390/w8080337

How to cite: Bresci, E., Castelli, G., Ursino, N., Giacomin, A., and Preti, F.: Multi-method efficiency analysis of Rainwater Harvesting Systems in Corredor Seco region, Central America, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-16844, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-16844, 2020

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