EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Simulation of Spatial Temperature-Precipitation Compound Events with Circulation-Conditioned Weather Generator

Martin Dubrovsky1,2, Ondrej Lhotka1,2, and Jiri Miksovsky2,3
Martin Dubrovsky et al.
  • 1Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Prague, Czechia (
  • 2Czech Academy of Sciences, Global Change Research Institute, Brno, Czchia,
  • 3Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Prague, Czechia

GRIMASA project aims to develop a spatial (not only, but especially a gridded version) stochastic weather generator (WG) applicable at various spatial and temporal scales, for both present and future climates. The multi-purpose SPAGETTA generator (Dubrovsky et al, 2019, Theoretical and Applied Climatology) being developed within this project is based on a parametric approach suggested by Wilks (1998, 2009). It was presented already at EGU-2017 and EGU-2018 conferences. It is run mainly at daily time step and allows to produce multivariate weather series for up to 100 (approximately) grid-points. In developing and validating the generator, we employ also various compound weather indices defined by multiple weather variables, which allows to account for the inter-variable correlations in the validation process. In our first experiments, the WG was run at 100 km resolution (50 km EOBS data were used for calibrating the WG) for eight European regions, and its performance was compared with RCMs (CORDEX simulations for EUR-44 domain). In our EGU-2019 contribution, our WG was validated in terms of characteristics of spatial temperature-precipitation compound spells (including dry-hot spells). Most recently, after implementing wind speed and humidity into the generator, the WG was run at much finer resolution (using data from irregularly distributed weather stations in Czechia and Sardinia) and validated in terms of spatial spells of wildfire-prone weather (using Fire Weather Index) (results were presented at AGU-2019).


Present project activities aim mainly at (A) going into finer spatial and temporal scales, and (B) conditioning the surface weather generator on larger scale circulation simulated by circulation weather generator run at much coarser resolution. The development of the circulation generator (CIRCULATOR) has started in 2019. It is based on the first-order multivariate autoregressive model (similar to the one used in SPAGETTA), and the set of generator’s variables consists of larger scale characteristics of atmospheric circulation (derived from the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis), temperature and precipitation defined for a 2.5 degree grid. In our contribution, we will show results related to these two activities, focusing on (i) WG’s ability to reproduce spatial temperature-precipitation spells at various spatial scales (down to EUR-11 resolution) for eight European regions, (ii) validation of the circulation generator in terms of its ability to reproduce frequencies of circulation patterns and larger-scale temperature and precipitation characteristics for the 8 regions, and (iii) assessing an effect of using the circulation generator to drive the surface weather generator on its ability to reproduce the compound spells.


Acknowledgements: Projects GRIMASA (Czech Science Foundation, project no. 18-15958S) and SustES (European Structural and Investment Funds, project no. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000797).

How to cite: Dubrovsky, M., Lhotka, O., and Miksovsky, J.: Simulation of Spatial Temperature-Precipitation Compound Events with Circulation-Conditioned Weather Generator, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-17947,, 2020


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