EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Framework for improving land boundary conditions in regional ocean products

Francisco Campuzano1, Flávio Santos1, Ana Isabel Ramos de Oliveira1, Lucian Simionesei1, Rodrigo Fernandes2, David Brito2, Estrella Olmedo3, Antonio Turiel3, Marco Alba4, Antonio Novellino4, Marina Tonani5, Huw Lewis5, Marcos García Sotillo6, Arancha Amo Baladrón6, Tomasz Dabrowski7, Benjamin Jacob8, Joanna Staneva8, and Ramiro Neves1
Francisco Campuzano et al.
  • 1Universidade de Lisboa, Instituto Superior Técnico, Mechanical Engineering Department, Portugal (
  • 2Bentley Systems
  • 3Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Institut de Ciències del Mar, Barcelona Expert Centre, Spain
  • 4ETT S.p.A., Italy
  • 5Met Office, UK
  • 6Puertos del Estado, Spain
  • 7Marine Institute, Ireland
  • 8Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany

Currently hydrological models are not generally coupled to coastal and regional ocean models because, even if regarded as a powerful and useful tool, they do not fully accomplish to estimate accurately the right volume of water reaching the coastal zone for many reasons including water management activities such as human consumption, irrigation, etc. For this reason, many coastal and ocean models continue to use river climatologies as boundary conditions for representing such an active boundary. Furthermore, continuous salinity observations in the coastal area are scarce and sensors are highly unreliable while current Earth Observation (EO) products for salinity poorly represents the coastal gradients.

In this presentation, the current state-of-the-art and the results of the LAMBDA Project (λ) (LAnd-Marine Boundary Development and Analysis) will be shown. The main aim of the project was to demonstrate an improvement in the thermohaline circulation in coastal areas by a better characterisation of the land-marine boundary conditions, with special regard to the salinity fields. The LAMBDA project analysed the opportunity of improving the land-marine boundary conditions by exploring the capacities of state-of-the-art hydrologic models. In order to achieve those objectives, the project strategy used an integrated approach that went from watershed models to validation in the coastal area by fit-for-purpose EO products, developed by SMOS, and passing through methods and proxies for integrating the freshwater flows into regional mesoscale grids. The watershed and estuarine proxies were modelled using the MOHID Water modelling system ( an open source model capable of simulating a wide range of processes, i.e. hydrodynamics, transport, water quality, oil spills, in surface water bodies (oceans, coastal areas, estuaries and reservoirs).

The project products were evaluated in Portugal Continental waters, tested in CMEMS regional products and evaluated by local experts in Germany, Ireland, Portugal, UK and Spain.

How to cite: Campuzano, F., Santos, F., Ramos de Oliveira, A. I., Simionesei, L., Fernandes, R., Brito, D., Olmedo, E., Turiel, A., Alba, M., Novellino, A., Tonani, M., Lewis, H., García Sotillo, M., Amo Baladrón, A., Dabrowski, T., Jacob, B., Staneva, J., and Neves, R.: Framework for improving land boundary conditions in regional ocean products, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-17977,, 2020


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