EGU2020-18122, updated on 12 Jan 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-18122
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Young water fractions at diverse time scales are driven by varying runoff generation processes in a Mediterranean small research catchment

Francesc Gallart1, Pilar Llorens1, Carles Cayuela2, Matthias Sprenger1,3, Jérôme Latron1, and Pauline Saurat4
Francesc Gallart et al.
  • 1IDAEA - CSIC, Geosciences, Barcelona, Spain (francesc.gallart@idaea.csic.es)
  • 2Business Strengths, Barcelona, Spain
  • 3North Carolina State University, Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources, Raleigh, United States of America
  • 4ENGEES, 1, Quai Koch, 67070 Strasbourg, France

The time water resides within a catchment has important implications for the water availability and quality for both ecosystem and human use. Here, we look at the short-term water transport using the concept of young water fraction (Fyw), defined as the proportion of water that is younger than 2-3 months. The study was conducted for the 0.56 Km2 sub-humid Can Vila catchment (Vallcebre Research Catchments). During a period of over 58 months, the isotope ratios (2H and 18O) of rainwater was sampled at 5-mm rainfall intervals and stream water was sampled at variable time intervals (30 minutes to 1 week) depending on flow.

The early results of this research revealed intense dynamics of Fyw in relationship with discharge: Fyw had values between 0 for low flows and around 1 for the highest flows. Yet, the high variability of discharge and flashy response behaviour in this catchment along with the relatively large discharge sensitivity (Sd) of Fyw implied that even if the maximum sampled discharges were exceeded by only 0.01% of time, about 25% of the Fyw associated to the highest flows were estimated to be missed by the stream water sampling. This behaviour may be associated with a response dominated by saturation runoff generation mechanisms during wet episodes, which are known to drive the main hydrological response of this catchment.

Nevertheless, these results are obtained when all the samples are lumped for the whole 58 month period, but when different 12-month windows are investigated, the behaviour of Fyw becomes more intricate. Indeed, the wetter year was associated with the largest Fyw and Sd values, but drier years had irregularly varying values poorly correlated to precipitation or runoff statistics. Thus, other runoff generation mechanisms previously identified, including Hortonian-type overland flow in small degraded areas, that lead to runoff of new (and hence young) waters for low to moderate flows, will play a special role.

Current research is comparing Fyw analyses for groups of events of the same class, supported by hydrograph separation analyses and hydrometric indicators, for better understanding the dynamic and complex response of Fyw in this catchment. Our work further advances the understanding of limitations and opportunities of the Fyw approach.

How to cite: Gallart, F., Llorens, P., Cayuela, C., Sprenger, M., Latron, J., and Saurat, P.: Young water fractions at diverse time scales are driven by varying runoff generation processes in a Mediterranean small research catchment, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-18122, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-18122, 2020

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