EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

A fragmentation model approach for low velocity impact charging

Tarjei Antonsen1, Ingrid Mann1, Jakub Vaverka2, and Libor Nouzak2
Tarjei Antonsen et al.
  • 1Dept. of Physics and Technology, University of Tromsø , Tromsø, Norway (
  • 2Department of Surface and Plasma Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic

This work addresses the generation of charge during impacts of nano- to microscale projectiles on metal surfaces at speeds from 0.1 to 10 km/s. These speeds are well above the range of elastic deformation and well below speeds where volume ionization occures. Earlier models have utilized impurity diffusion through molten grains together with a Saha-equation to model impact ionization at these speeds. In this work we employ a model of capacitive contact charging in which we allow for projectile fragmentation upon impact. We show that this model well describes laboratory measurements of metal projectiles impacting metal targets. It also can describe in-situ measurements of dust in the Earth’s atmosphere made from rockets. We also address limitations of the currently most used model for impact ionization.

How to cite: Antonsen, T., Mann, I., Vaverka, J., and Nouzak, L.: A fragmentation model approach for low velocity impact charging, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-18932,, 2020


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