EGU2020-18936, updated on 11 Aug 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-18936
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Transport processes in the lowermost stratosphere - interhemispheric differences from trace gas observations during WISE and SouthTRAC

Vera Bense1, Peter Hoor1, Björn Kluschat1,6, Heiko Bozem1, Daniel Kunkel1, Hans-Christoph Lachnitt1, Thorsten Kaluza1, Philipp Joppe1, Maximilian Büttner1, Jens Krause1,7, Andreas Engel2, Andreas Zahn3, Jens-Uwe Grooß4, Martin Riese4, Markus Rapp5, and Björn-Martin Sinnhuber3
Vera Bense et al.
  • 1Institute for Atmospheric Physics, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, Germany (v.bense@uni-mainz.de)
  • 2Institute for Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt/Main, Germany
  • 3Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
  • 4Institute of Energy and Climate Research (IEK-7), Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany
  • 5Institute of Atmospheric Physics, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Oberpfaffenhofen-Weßling, Germany
  • 6TÜV Rheinland Energy GmbH, Mainz, Germany
  • 7Excelitas Technologies GmbH & Co. KG, Wiesbaden, Germany

The lowermost stratosphere (LMS) plays an important role in determining the Earth's energy budget. The chemical species that absorb and re-emit radiation in the LMS have a large spatial and temporal variability, which is controlled by mixing and transport processes. The troposphere and middle stratosphere affect the LMS through large scale isentropic transport across the tropopause or downwelling from higher altitudes.

The data presented in this study originates from two HALO measurement campaigns that allow an interhemispheric comparison of the composition of the lower stratosphere: First the WISE campaign which took place in September and October 2017 over Europe and the North Atlantic, and second the mission SouthTRAC (September and November 2019) where measurements focused on South America and the region around the Antarctic Peninsula.

We use high resolution in-situ measurements of different trace gases (N2O, O3, CO2, CO, SF6) in order to quantify transport time scales, to estimate tracer fluxes and to examine the prevalent transport pathways. Particularly correlations of trace gases of different lifetime can provide insight in the origin of air masses in the lower stratosphere and their transport histories.

During WISE a remarkable change of the N2O-O3 correlation at the 380 K potential temperature isentrope indicates a surprisingly strong distinction between the lowermost stratosphere and the stratosphere, suggesting two mixing regimes. Above 380 K, isentropic mixing occurs between stratospheric air masses from the tropics towards high latitudes leading to a slope flattening effect. In the lowermost stratosphere isentropic mixing connects the stratosphere with the tropical tropopause layer (TTL). Based on CO observations we quantify the contribution of air from the TTL to reach 60 % - 80 % in the LMS. Using CO2 measurements we estimate a typical time scale of less than 30 days for transport from the TTL into the LMS.

These methods are applied to the observations during SouthTRAC as well. Preliminary CO budget calculations suggest a smaller contribution of TTL air to the LMS in the order of 50 %. This analysis along with correlation slope studies allow for an interhemispheric and interseasonal comparison of the transport processes that were observed during the two measurement periods.

How to cite: Bense, V., Hoor, P., Kluschat, B., Bozem, H., Kunkel, D., Lachnitt, H.-C., Kaluza, T., Joppe, P., Büttner, M., Krause, J., Engel, A., Zahn, A., Grooß, J.-U., Riese, M., Rapp, M., and Sinnhuber, B.-M.: Transport processes in the lowermost stratosphere - interhemispheric differences from trace gas observations during WISE and SouthTRAC, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-18936, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-18936, 2020

How to cite: Bense, V., Hoor, P., Kluschat, B., Bozem, H., Kunkel, D., Lachnitt, H.-C., Kaluza, T., Joppe, P., Büttner, M., Krause, J., Engel, A., Zahn, A., Grooß, J.-U., Riese, M., Rapp, M., and Sinnhuber, B.-M.: Transport processes in the lowermost stratosphere - interhemispheric differences from trace gas observations during WISE and SouthTRAC, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-18936, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-18936, 2020

This abstract will not be presented.