EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Probing a post monsoon Mesoscale Convective System (MCS) and the generated Transient Luminous Events (TLEs) over Indian Region

Sidha Sankalpa Moharana1 and Rajesh Singh2
Sidha Sankalpa Moharana and Rajesh Singh
  • 1Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, Department of Earth Sciences, Mohanpur, India (
  • 2KSK Geomagnetic Research Laboratory, Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, Allahabad - 221505, India (

A Mesoscale Convective System (MCS), consisting of three Super Cells
formed over South-east Indian, is assessed in detail with satellite and ground based
data-sets. The MCS under investigation generated a total of Ten (10) upward
electrical discharges (9 Sprites and 1 Gigantic Jet) commonly named as Transient
Luminous Events (TLEs). The TLEs were recorded from TLE observation station
located at Allahabad, India. The event occurred in the Post-Monsoon period of 2013
on October 7, during 15-23 UT hours. The MCS was spread over a region of 25000 sq.
Kilometers. A lowest cloud top temperature value of -84.7 0 C was observed in the
mature stage of the MCS, during 2130 UT hours, and the cloud top altitude was
reaching 17.6 km. The coldest cloud top region was covering an average area of
13000 sq. Km. The measured Convective Available Potential Energy (CAPE) value was
606.9 J/kg at 00 UT on 7 th October which dropped to 211 J/kg at 00 UT on 8 th
October. The mean lightning flash rate during the formation and maturity stages of
the MCS was around 46.03 min -1 . During the entire lifespan of the thunderstorm,
peak currents were found to be reaching ±400 kA. Such high electric currents,
extreme cold temperature and towering altitudes of the convective complexes show
how much a MCS is dynamically active and the TLEs which it produced are known to
electrically connect the lower atmosphere to the upper space environment.

How to cite: Moharana, S. S. and Singh, R.: Probing a post monsoon Mesoscale Convective System (MCS) and the generated Transient Luminous Events (TLEs) over Indian Region, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-19407,, 2020

This abstract will not be presented.