EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Spatial simulation of water supply service flow in Ningxia, China

Jie Xu1, Gaodi Xie2,3, Yu Xiao2,3, Jingya Liu2,3, Keyu Qin2,3, Yangyang Wang2,3, and Changshun Zhang2,3
Jie Xu et al.
  • 1Beijing Forestry University, School of Ecology and Nature Conservation, China (
  • 2Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 3College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

Transregional Ecosystem Service (ES) flows are ubiquitous and are receiving more attention in an increasingly metacoupled world. Water has typical flow properties and is a common flow medium of Water-related Ecosystem Services (WES), such as water supply, water conservation, etc. Ningxia is in a transition zone from semi-arid to arid areas of the Yellow River basin of China. Its role in the water transfer from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau to the downstream city and agriculture is important in allocating the scarce water resources in (semi-)arid regions. This study described the water flow process to/from Ningxia and revealed the supply-demand balance of water in Ningxia and its adjacent basins. On the grid scale, the total dynamic residual water in Ningxia from 2000 to 2015 was 2.20×1012 m3~6.26×1012 m3. However, there was still a dynamic water demand gap of -72.25×108 m3 ~ -59.08×108 m3, which could only be supplemented by manual water intake. At the regional scale, Ningxia had two sides, which was both the beneficiary of the upper Xiaheyan basin, Qingshui River - Kushui River basin, Xiaheyan - Shizuishan basin, Hexi Inland River-Shiyang River basin, Hexi Inland Rive-Hexi desert basin and internal flow area, and the supplier of the downstream Shizuishan - Hekou town, Longmen to Sanmenxia subbasin. As the benefitting district, the total net inflow water supply service in the supply area from 2000 to 2015 was 135.86×108 m3 ~ 294.22×108 m3, among which the non-Ningxia region in the sub-basin above the Xiaheyan basin was the main source region of water supply service in Ningxia. As the supply area, the net outflow volume of water supply service in Ningxia from 2000 to 2015 was 72.83×108 m3~200.46×108 m3, mainly flowing to non-Ningxia regions from Shizuishan to Hekou town. Overall, the net volume of water supply service flowing into Ningxia from 2000 to 2015 ranged from 63.03×108 m3 to 93.76×108 m3. This study can enhance the understanding of trans-boundary telecoupling relationship of WES in Ningxia and contribute to form a foundation for interregional management and allocation of WES in (semi-)arid regions to promote equity in sustainable regional development.

How to cite: Xu, J., Xie, G., Xiao, Y., Liu, J., Qin, K., Wang, Y., and Zhang, C.: Spatial simulation of water supply service flow in Ningxia, China, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-20894,, 2020