EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Understanding and predicting species- and elevation-dependent dynamics in East Asian temperate forests

Moonil Kim1,3, Nick Strigul2, Elena Rovenskaya1, Florian Kraxner1, and Woo-Kyun Lee3
Moonil Kim et al.
  • 1International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria
  • 2Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Washington State University Vancouver, Vancouver, WA, USA
  • 3Department of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

The velocity and impact of climate change on forest appear to be site, environment, and tree species-specific. The primary objective of this research is to assess the changes in productivity of major temperate tree species in South Korea using terrestrial inventory and satellite remote sensing data. The area covered by each tree species was further categorized into either lowland forest (LLF) or high mountain forest (HMF) and investigated. We used the repeated Korean national forest inventory (NFI) data to calculate a stand-level annual increment (SAI). We then compared the SAI, a ground-based productivity measure, to MODIS net primary productivity (NPP) as a measure of productivity based on satellite imagery. In addition, the growth index of each increment core, which eliminated the effect of tree age on radial growth, was derived as an indicator of the variation of productivity by tree species over the past four decades. Based on these steps, we understand the species- and elevation-dependent dynamics. The secondary objective is to predict the forest dynamics under climate change using the Perfect Plasticity Approximation with Simple Biogeochemistry (PPA-SiBGC) model. The PPA-SiBGC is an analytically tractable model of forest dynamics, defined in terms of parameters for individual trees, including allometry, growth, and mortality. We estimated these parameters for the major species by using NFI and increment core data. We predicted forest dynamics using the following time-series metrics: Net ecosystem exchange, aboveground biomass, belowground biomass, C, N, soil respiration, and relative abundance. We then focus on comparing the impact of climate change on LLF and HMF. The results of our study can be used to develop climate-smart forest management strategies to ensure that both LLF and HMF continue to be resilient and continue to provide a wide range of ecosystem services in the Eastern Asian region.

How to cite: Kim, M., Strigul, N., Rovenskaya, E., Kraxner, F., and Lee, W.-K.: Understanding and predicting species- and elevation-dependent dynamics in East Asian temperate forests , EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-20968,, 2020


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