EGU2020-21668
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-21668
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Urban hydrology and flood mapping using UAV imagery

Corjan Nolet1, Marie-Claire ten Veldhuis2, Jan van Til3, and Martijn de Klerk1
Corjan Nolet et al.
  • 1FutureWater, Wageningen, Netherlands
  • 2Water Resources Group, Water Management Department, Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands
  • 3HiView, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are a very effective means to map river beds and flood extent accurately across a wide area, even while the flood is happening or shortly thereafter. Flood mapping information is also very valuable in a long-term context, for drainage infrastructure planning and management. Here, we will present three applications: UAV-based information for hydrologic modelling of the urban drainage system, for flood extent mapping and for identification of bottlenecks in the system that can cause urban flooding.

UAV flights were conducted in Kumasi, the second biggest and fastest growing city in Ghana, where urban flooding has become more frequent due to changes in the climate and have a more negative impact due to rapid urbanization and population growth. Not only are the natural flood plains increasingly being used for anthropogenic purposes, the increased population growth also brings along more solid (plastic) waste on the streets and into the riverbeds and riverways. This creates blockages in drains and riverways, which reduces its drainage capacity and adds to the flooding problems. UAVs were used to collect elevation information (DEM), river bed dimensions and land-use. This information was used to construct a hydrological model to predict river flows and flooding. In addition, using thermal imagery from UAV flights over partially flooded agricultural fields near the town of Kianjai, Kenya, we will demonstrate that UAV imagery can identify flooded areas even when cross-cut by vegetation or other obstacles.

We will present the three applications and discuss the promises and challenges of deploying UAVs for the purpose of urban hydrological modelling and flood mapping.

How to cite: Nolet, C., ten Veldhuis, M.-C., van Til, J., and de Klerk, M.: Urban hydrology and flood mapping using UAV imagery, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-21668, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-21668, 2020

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