Was the onset of interhemispheric AMOC slightly prior to Antarctic glaciation at the Eocene-Oligocene transition?
- 1Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- 2Institute of Earth Sciences, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
A compilation of benthic δ18O from the whole Atlantic and the Southern Ocean (Atlantic sector), shows two major jumps in the interbasinal gradient of d18O (Δδ18O) during the Eocene and the Oligocene: One at ~40 Ma and the second concomitant with the isotopic event of the Eocene-Oligocene transition (EOT), ~33.7 Ma ago. From previously published circulation models, we show that the first Δδ18O jump reflects the thermal isolation of Antarctica associated with the proto-Antarctic circumpolar current (ACC). The second marks the onset of interhemispheric northern-sourced circulation cell, similar to the modern Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC). The onset of AMOC-like circulation probably slightly preceded (100-300 ky) the EOT, as we show by the high resolution profiles of δ18O and δ13C previously published from DSDP/ODP sites in the Southern Ocean and South Atlantic. We suggest that while the shallow proto-ACC supplied the energy for deep ocean convection in the Southern Hemisphere, the onset of the interhemispheric northern circulation cell was due to the significant EOT intensification of deepwater formation in the North Atlantic driven by the Nordic anti-estuarine circulation. This onset of the interhemispheric northern-sourced circulation cell could have prompted the EOT global cooling.
How to cite: Abelson, M. and Erez, J.: Was the onset of interhemispheric AMOC slightly prior to Antarctic glaciation at the Eocene-Oligocene transition?, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-2204, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-2204, 2020