EGU2020-22087, updated on 12 Jun 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-22087
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

CCN properties of pollen from selected wind pollinated plants

Sebastian Sonnenberg, Julia Burkart, and Jürgen Gratzl
Sebastian Sonnenberg et al.
  • University of Vienna, Faculty of Physics, Aerosolphysics, Austria (a01106684@unet.univie.ac.at)

Aerosol particles that act as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) inuence cloud albedo and lifetime and thereby affect the planetary radiative balance. The indirect aerosol effect on climate is still one of the largest uncertainties and especially the role of biological particles is not yet well described. Pollen grains are primary biological particles that become airborne during the blooming season of plants. Pollen from wind pollinated plants represent a seasonally signifficant portion of the organic aerosol in the atmosphere. Intact pollen grains are rather large (10-100 µm) but under conditions of high humidity pollen grains have been shown to rupture and release cytoplasmic material including a large number of particles much smaller in size (0.5-5 µm).

In this study we extract soluble and insoluble material from several pollen samples (Phleum, Betula, Artimesia, Poa, Corylus and Ambrosia) and investigate the CCN activity of the extracts in a laboratory study. The main component of the experiment is the continuous-flow streamwise thermal-gradient cloud condensation nuclei counter (CCNC) from Droplet Measurement Technologies (DMT). The CCNC was calibrated with (NH4)2SO4. The activation behavior of (NH4)2SO4 is theoretically well described by Kohler equation. For particles which consist of a multitude of organic components it is convenient to represent the chemical composition through the hygroscopicity parameter κ. In the first part of the experiment, we determine the activation diameter at 5 different supersaturations and calculate the kappa parameter for all pollen samples. We find that the values fall in the range from 0.1-0.2. which is typical for particles composed of organic substances. Extracts from Betula pollen show the highest hygroscopicity (κ = 0.18), while extracts from Artimesia exhibit the lowest hygroscopicity (κ = 0.13). In the second part of the experiment we will also investigate the CCN activity of the insoluble material.

How to cite: Sonnenberg, S., Burkart, J., and Gratzl, J.: CCN properties of pollen from selected wind pollinated plants, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-22087, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-22087, 2020

Comments on the presentation

AC: Author Comment | CC: Community Comment | Report abuse

Presentation version 1 – uploaded on 21 May 2020 , no comments