EGU2020-22106
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-22106
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

A new approach to modelling differentiation (with particular focus on granitic magmatism): Equilibrated Major Element Assimilation with Fractional Crystallisation (EME-AFC)

Alex Burton-Johnson1, Colin Macpherson2, Christopher Ottley2, Geoff Nowell2, and Adrian Boyce3
Alex Burton-Johnson et al.
  • 1British Antarctic Survey, Geology & Geophysics, Cambridge, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (alerto@bas.ac.uk)
  • 2Department of Earth Sciences, University of Durham, Durham, DH1 3LE, UK
  • 3Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre, East Kilbride, G75 0QF, UK

We present the new approach to AFC modelling published as Editor’s Choice in the July 2019 issue of Journal of Petrology [1].

Our new, Equilibrated Major Element – Assimilation with Fractional Crystallisation (EME-AFC) approach simultaneously models the major element, trace element, and radiogenic and oxygen isotope compositions during such magmatic differentiation (including a new approach to oxygen modelling); addressing the lack of current AFC modelling approaches for felsic, amphibole- or biotite-bearing systems. We discuss the application of this model to granitic magmatism in SE Asia and Antarctica, with particular focus on the Mt Kinabalu granitic intrusion of Borneo. We discuss the background to the model, and explain how it can be freely accessed via GitHub [2], and applied to other scenarios of magmatic differentiation; not just granitic magmatism.

We present new geochemical data for the composite units of the Mount Kinabalu, and use this to explore the discrimination between crustal- and mantle-derived granitic magmas. The isotopic data (oxygen, Hf, Sr, Nd, and Pb) indicate that the magma cannot be the result only from fractional crystallisation of a mantle-derived magma. Alkali metal compositions show that crustal anatexis is also an unsuitable processes for genesis of the intrusion. Using the new EME-AFC modelling approach, we show that the high-K pluton was generated by fractional crystallisation of a primary, mafic magma followed by assimilation of the partially melted sedimentary overburden. We propose that Mt Kinabalu was generated through low degree melting of upwelling fertile metasomatised mantle driven by regional crustal extension in the Late Miocene.

[1] Burton-Johnson, A., Macpherson, C.G., Ottley, C.J., Nowell, G.M., Boyce, A.J., 2019. Generation of the Mt Kinabalu granite by crustal contamination of intraplate magma modelled by Equilibrated Major Element Assimilation with Fractional Crystallisation (EME-AFC). J. Petrol. 60, 1461–1487.

[2] https://github.com/Alex-Burton-Johnson/EME-AFC-Modelling

How to cite: Burton-Johnson, A., Macpherson, C., Ottley, C., Nowell, G., and Boyce, A.: A new approach to modelling differentiation (with particular focus on granitic magmatism): Equilibrated Major Element Assimilation with Fractional Crystallisation (EME-AFC), EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-22106, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-22106, 2020

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