EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Estimation of Global Synthetic Tropical Cyclone Hazard Probabilities using the STORM dataset

Nadia Bloemendaal1, Ivan Haigh2, Hans de Moel1, Sanne Muis1,3, and Jeroen Aerts1
Nadia Bloemendaal et al.
  • 1Institute for Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands (
  • 2School of Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
  • 3Deltares, Delft, the Netherlands

Tropical cyclones (TCs), also referred to as hurricanes or typhoons, are amongst the deadliest and costliest natural disasters, affecting people, economies and the environment in coastal areas around the globe when they make landfall. In 2017, Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria entered the top-5 costliest Atlantic hurricanes ever recorded, with combined losses estimated at $220 billion. Therefore, to minimize future loss of life and property and to aid risk mitigation efforts, it is crucial to perform accurate TC risk assessments in low-lying coastal regions. Calculating TC risk at a global scale, however, has proven to be difficult, given the limited temporal and spatial information on landfalling TCs around much of the global coastline.

In this research, we present a novel approach to calculate TC risk under present and future climate conditions on a global scale, using the newly developed Synthetic Tropical cyclOne geneRation Model (STORM). For this, we extract 38 years of historical data from the International Best-Track Archive for Climate Stewardship (IBTrACS). This dataset is used as input for the STORM algorithm to statistically extend this dataset from 38 years to 10,000 years of TC activity. Validation shows that the STORM dataset preserves the TC statistics as found on the original IBTrACS dataset. The STORM dataset is then used to calculate global-scale return periods of TC-induced wind speeds at 0.1°resolution. This return period dataset can then be used to assess the low probabilities of extreme events all around the globe. Moreover, we demonstrate the application of this dataset for TC risk modeling on small islands in e.g. the Caribbean or in the South Pacific Ocean.

How to cite: Bloemendaal, N., Haigh, I., de Moel, H., Muis, S., and Aerts, J.: Estimation of Global Synthetic Tropical Cyclone Hazard Probabilities using the STORM dataset, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-2568,, 2020


Display file