EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Analysis of CO2 content near Russian cities from OCO-2 satellite measurements

Anastasia Nikitenko, Yury Timofeyev, Yana Virolainen, Ivan Berezin, and Alexander Polyakov
Anastasia Nikitenko et al.
  • Saint-Petersburg State University, Atmospheric Physics Department, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation (

The growth of greenhouse gases, primarily carbon dioxide, is the main cause of modern changes in the Earth's climate. At the same time, despite the relatively small area (~ 3%) of the territory of cities, they are responsible for more than 70% of anthropogenic emissions caused by energy supply systems. Therefore, studies of CO2 distributions in cities and surrounding regions, as well as quantitative estimates of urban emissions are an urgent problem.

The paper presents a comparative analysis of CO2 contents and their variations for a number of Russian cities (Moscow, St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg, Magnitogorsk and Norilsk) on the basis of the OCO-2 satellite measurement data. The studies were carried out using satellite data sets that vary from high to average quality. These ensembles differ for all these cities in the number of measurement days, the total number of CO2 measurements, and the spatial and temporal coverage. For example, a high-quality ensemble covers ~ 90% of the spring and summer months, i.e. provides an opportunity to study CO2 variations in the warm season. The ensemble of measurements with average accuracy more evenly covers the entire year.

The paper studied various characteristics of the column averaged dry-air mole fraction of CO2 (XCO2) for 5 cities, namely, minimal and maximal values, amplitudes of variations, daily average maximal and minimal values, standard deviations, etc. Possibilities of using the OSO-2 data for estimating of anthropogenic emissions in different cities are considered.

How to cite: Nikitenko, A., Timofeyev, Y., Virolainen, Y., Berezin, I., and Polyakov, A.: Analysis of CO2 content near Russian cities from OCO-2 satellite measurements, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-2679,, 2020


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