EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Projecting the effect of climate-change-induced increases in extreme rainfall on residential property damages

Jacob Pastor1, Ilan Noy2, Isabelle Sin1, Abha Sood3, David Fleming-Munoz4, and Sally Owen1
Jacob Pastor et al.
  • 1Victoria University of Wellington, School of Economics and Finance, New Zealand (
  • 2Motu Economic and Public Policy Research
  • 3National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research
  • 4The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation

New Zealand’s public insurer, the Earthquake Commission (EQC), provides residential insurance for some weather-related damage. Climate change and the expected increase in intensity and frequency of weather-related events are likely to translate into higher damages and thus an additional financial liability for the EQC. We project future insured damages from extreme precipitation events associated with future projected climatic change. We first estimate the empirical relationship between extreme precipitation events and the EQC’s weather-related insurance claims based on a complete dataset of all claims from 2000 to 2017. We then use this estimated relationship, together with climate projections based on future GHG concentration scenarios from six different dynamically downscaled Regional Climate Models, to predict the impact of future extreme precipitation events on EQC liabilities for different time horizons up to the year 2100. Our results show predicted adverse impacts vary over time and space. The percent change between projected and past damages—the climate change signal—ranges between an increase of 7% and 26% by the end of the century. We also give detailed caveats as to why these quantities might be mis-estimated. The projected increase in the public insurer’s liabilities could also be used to inform private insurers, regulators, and policymakers who are assessing the future performance of both the public and private insurers that cover weather-related risks in the face of climatic change.

How to cite: Pastor, J., Noy, I., Sin, I., Sood, A., Fleming-Munoz, D., and Owen, S.: Projecting the effect of climate-change-induced increases in extreme rainfall on residential property damages, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-2789,, 2020

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