EGU2020-3119, updated on 22 Jul 2021
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Forestation effects on soil temperature across the European continent.

Giannis Sofiadis1, Eleni Katragkou1, Edouard Davin2, Ronny Meier2, Diana Rechid3, Peter Hoffmann3, Susanna Strada4, Kirsten Warrach-Sagi5, Lisa Jach5, Pedro Soares6, Daniela Lima6, Rita Margarida Cardoso6, Merja Tolle7, Marcus Breil8, and Gustav Standberg9
Giannis Sofiadis et al.
  • 1Department of Meteorology and Climatology, School of Geology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • 2ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
  • 3Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS), Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Hamburg, Germany
  • 4International Center for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Earth System Physics Section, Trieste, Italy
  • 5Institute of Physics and Meteorology, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany
  • 6Instituto Dom Luiz (IDL), Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal
  • 7Department of Geography, Climatology, Climate Dynamics and Climate Change, Justus Liebig University Gießen, Gießen, Germany
  • 8Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • 9Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute and Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Norrköping, Sweden

Land-Use and Land Cover Changes (LULCC) play a fundamental role in land-atmosphere interactions, since they mainly regulate the exchange of latent and sensible heat between the ground and the upper air, while they control the amount of shortwave radiation absorbed by the ground. In this study, we make an attempt to investigate the biogeophysical effects of extreme land cover changes on soil variables, such as soil temperature and soil moisture. In particular, we analyze a multi-model ensemble of nine different regional climate model simulations, which had been performed over the Euro-CORDEX domain in the frame of the WCRP CORDEX Flagship Pilot Study LUCAS (Land Use and Climate Across Scales). We compare two idealized experiments: a maximally forested (called FOREST) and a fully grassed Europe (called GRASS). According to our results, the soil temperature response to forestation varies among the climate models. They show a profound seasonality and dependence by latitude. In winter, the magnitude of soil temperature changes is considered weak, showing a warming in high latitudes (around +1oC on average) and a weak cooling over the Mediterranean region. During the summertime, in contrast, soil temperatures are higher in the GRASS experiment, especially in Central and Southern Europe (ranging from +1oC to +3oC depending to the model), underlying the essential role of soil moisture in determining the land-atmosphere feedbacks during the summer. In our contribution, we will present in detail the role of forest and grass characteristics and its effects on seasonal soil conditions across Europe[DR1] .  

How to cite: Sofiadis, G., Katragkou, E., Davin, E., Meier, R., Rechid, D., Hoffmann, P., Strada, S., Warrach-Sagi, K., Jach, L., Soares, P., Lima, D., Cardoso, R. M., Tolle, M., Breil, M., and Standberg, G.: Forestation effects on soil temperature across the European continent., EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-3119,, 2020.

This abstract will not be presented.