EGU2020-3541, updated on 12 Jun 2020
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Eco-development response to climate change and the isostatic uplift of southwestern Finland: Case study of the Nordsund area

Guido J. M. Verstraeten1 and Willem W. Verstraeten2
Guido J. M. Verstraeten and Willem W. Verstraeten
  • 1Satakunta University of Applied Sciences, Pori, Suomi-Finland
  • 2Royal Meteorological Institute Of Belgium (KMI)

Remediation of climate change induced by anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gasses and
it precursors is the main focus today. However, less known is that the environment may also
be subjected to relatively fast geological dynamical phenomena such as the isostatic uplift of
Fennoscandia, parts of Canada and northwestern Russia. This uplift affects the archipelago
along the coast of southwestern Finland and Sweden and causes the relocation of human
In this study we investigate the on-ground observed regression of the Gulf of Bothnia on the
coasts of southwestern Finland and its implications on the country-side activities in the
framework of the eco-development paradigm. We focus our study on the neighbourhood of
the Nordsund peninsula (60°40’30”N, 21°37’14”E) between Keikvesi and Katavakarinselkä,
representative for the whole Finnish archipelago with an average local isostatic uplift of 9 mm
per year (5 mm in the South and 14 mm in the Merenkurkku area. The Nordsund peninsula
contains a former bay of the Bothnia Sea, called Mustalahti, which is reduced to a lake since
the direct way out of inner land precipitation to the open sea disappeared in the 1980s.
We show that remotely sensed data on vegetation and surface wetness confirms this fast sea
regression and the silting-up of the nearby lakes that drain precipitation to the Gulf. The
changing of the Mustalahti over time and its vegetation is expressed in terms of Normalized
Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and the Normalized Difference Wetness Index (NDWI),
derived from Landsat 7 data for May, 12 th 2000 and for Landsat 8 for April, 23 rd 2019
characterized by a 30 m x 30 m pixel resolution. We discuss this changing coastline in the
framework of the Eco-Development paradigm which may rebalance nature, environment,
humans and culture. This paradigm is a valid alternative against the past and present-day
socio-economical dominant approach that contributed to the accelerated change of the Earth’s

How to cite: Verstraeten, G. J. M. and Verstraeten, W. W.: Eco-development response to climate change and the isostatic uplift of southwestern Finland: Case study of the Nordsund area, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-3541,, 2020

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