EGU2020-3820
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-3820
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The role of surface air temperature over the east Asia on the early and late Indian Summer Monsoon Onset over Kerala

Devanil Choudhury, Debashis Nath, and Wen Chen
Devanil Choudhury et al.
  • Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Center for Monsoon System Research , Beijing, China (devc@mail.iap.ac.cn)

We investigated the physical mechanism for late Indian Summer Monsoon onset over Kerala
(MOK). 14 early and 9 late onset years are selected based on the criteria when the onset is 5 days or
more prior and after normal onset date (i.e 1 st June according to India Meteorological Department)
respectively. Then, we perform composite analyses of mean May monthly and daily evolution during
early and late onset years to examine the differences in monsoon circulation features prior to the MOK.
We find that advection of Surface Air Temperature (SAT) from the northern to the southern China and
the eastern Tibetan Plateau (TP) plays an important role to modulate the MOK processes. In the late
onset years, more low-level jet (LLJ) from the Bay of Bengal (BOB) divert towards the east Asia before
the onset, which is due to an extension of the low sea level pressure and high SAT over the east Asia
(eastern TP, east-central China). This strengthens the low-level convergence and upper level divergence
over the eastern TP and southern China. As a result, a significant amount of moisture from the BOB
is transported towards the eastern TP and southern China. Thereby, a comparatively weaker LLJ and
deficit low-level moisture supply over the eastern BOB maintain the key roles in modulating the MOK
processes.

How to cite: Choudhury, D., Nath, D., and Chen, W.: The role of surface air temperature over the east Asia on the early and late Indian Summer Monsoon Onset over Kerala, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-3820, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-3820, 2020

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