EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Mantle feeding sources of the Northern group of volcanoes in Kamchatka inferred from the tomographic inversion of travel time data of the KISS network

Ivan Koulakov1,2, Nikolay Shapiro3,4, Evgeny I. Gordeev4, Christoph Sens-Schoenfelder5, Ilyas Abkadyrov4, Sergey Senyukov6, Birger Luehr5, Natalia Bushenkova1, Andrey Jakovlev1,2, Tatiana Stupina1, and Angelika Novgorodova1
Ivan Koulakov et al.
  • 1Trofimuk Institute of Petroleum Geology and Geophysics SB RAS, Geophysics, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation (
  • 2Novosibirsk State University, Russia
  • 3Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, France
  • 4Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, FEB RAS, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia
  • 5GeoForschungsZentrum, Potsdam, Germany
  • 6Kamchatkam Branch of Geophysical Survey, RAS, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia

The major part of the Northern group of volcanoes (NGV) in Kamchatka is occupied by the Klyuchevskoy group, which is a unique cluster of more than thirteen volcanos having exceptionally diverse eruption styles and compositions. The NGV also includes Shiveluch volcano to the north and Kizimen volcano to the south, both andesitic strongly explosive volcanoes. The crustal structure beneath the Klyuchevskoy group was previously explored using data of the permanent stations and several temporary networks; however, for studying the mantle structures, no high-quality data was available. To close this gap, a temporary seismic KISS network was installed throughout the NGV by an international consortium from August 2015 to July 2016. Together with 22 permanent stations, it included more than 100 simultaneously operating seismic stations. Based on the KISS data, we manually picked more than 43,000 arrival times of the P and S waves from 665 events (65 picks per event on average). Furthermore, this dataset was supplemented with the arrival times from the slab-related seismicity recorded by permanent stations during long-term observations. Several resolution tests have demonstrated that this dataset allows very high quality recoveries of the anomaly both laterally and in the vertical direction. The distributions of seismic anomalies in the uppermost mantle (50 km depth) show clear connection with the composition of the volcanoes. All the andesitic volcanoes (Kizimen, Udina, Zimina, Bezymyanny, Zarechny, Kharchenko and Shiveluch) are located above prominent low-velocity anomalies, whereas the basaltic volcanoes (Nikolka, Tolbachinsky Dol, Ostry and Plosky Tolbachik, Ushkovsky and numerous monogenic cones) are mostly associated with higher velocities in the mantle. This correlation might be explained by the effect of the mantle temperature to the rheological properties of the crust. Over the hot mantle, the crust becomes ductile, and it favors for forming intermediate crustal reservoirs, where magma is accumulated and separated for long time making it more felsic. Above the colder mantle, the crust is brittle and may be fractured by ascending mafic intrusions. In this case, mantle material quickly penetrates through the crust and reaches the surface producing fissure basaltic eruptions and shield volcanoes. Another important conclusion follows from the interpretation of the vertical section throughout the NGV from Kizimen to Shiveluch. Along this section, the only one deep low-velocity anomaly reaching depths of more than 100 km is located beneath Shiveluch, which perfectly coincides with the gap in the Pacific slab imaged by other studies. Further to the south, the low-velocity anomaly is observable in the uppermost mantle down to 60-70 km. This result shows that all the volcanoes of the NGV are fed from a single source associated with the ascent of the hot asthenosphere though the slab window beneath Shiveluch. Then the hot asthenospheric material spreads southward along the crust bottom. This flow heats the mantle wedge, which is highly contaminated with volatiles coming from the slab, and leads to active melting and forming magma sources. This may explain exceptional activity and diversity of the volcanoes in this zone.

How to cite: Koulakov, I., Shapiro, N., Gordeev, E. I., Sens-Schoenfelder, C., Abkadyrov, I., Senyukov, S., Luehr, B., Bushenkova, N., Jakovlev, A., Stupina, T., and Novgorodova, A.: Mantle feeding sources of the Northern group of volcanoes in Kamchatka inferred from the tomographic inversion of travel time data of the KISS network, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-4015,, 2020

Comments on the presentation

AC: Author Comment | CC: Community Comment | Report abuse

Presentation version 2 – uploaded on 27 Apr 2020 , no comments
Presentation version 1 – uploaded on 27 Apr 2020 , no comments