EGU2020-4248, updated on 12 Jun 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-4248
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Determination of the Ni isotope fractionation in microfossils embedded in the aragonite phase

Marek Tulej1, Anna Neubeck2, Rustam Lukmanov1, Valentine Grimaudo1, Andreas Riedo1,6, Alena Cedeño López3, Coenraad, Pieter de Koning1, Niels, Frank, Willem Ligterink5, Magnus Ivarsson4, and Peter Wurz1
Marek Tulej et al.
  • 1Physics Institute, University Bern, Bern, Switzerland
  • 2Department of Geological Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden
  • 3Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Interfacial Electrochemistry Group, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
  • 4Department of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
  • 5Centre for Space and Habitability, University Bern, Bern, Switzerland
  • 6Experimental Biophysics and Space Sciences, Department of Physics, Free University of Berlin, Germany

Stable nickel isotopes are known to fractionate by biological processes and their measurements can be important biomarker. In searches for ancient fossilised materials such as microbial cells, the Ni isotope fractionation record can be preserved after death and fossilization of microstructures. Typically, transition metal isotopes in microfossils are difficult to measure accurately because of their low concentration in the fossil. Furthermore, microsized fossil structures  are difficult to isolate from the host phase. Thus, the measurement of their chemical composition can be conducted only by a few  analytical methods. We have applied femtosecond-laser ablation/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LIMS) to measure chemical composition of the fossilised material embedded in the aragonite phase and accurately derive the Ni isotopic fractionation pattern. High resolution depth profiling method was applied to isolate fossilised material composition from the host phase. The mass peak intensity correlation and peak integration methods were subsequently applied to derive isotope concentrations. The accuracies and precision in permill level or better of the isotope values were achieved. For comparison the studies of Ni isotopes were conducted on inorganic samples. The instrument used in the studies is a miniature mass analyser developed for space research holding promisses that differentiation between abiotic and biogenic microstructures in rocks can be studied also in situ on the surfaces of Solar System bodies.

References

1. U. Rohner et al., Meas. Sci. Technol. 14 (2003) 2159–2164

2. A. Riedo et al., JAAS, 28:1256–1269, 2013

3. A. Neubeck et al., Int. J. Astrobiology, 15, 133-146, 2016

4. M. Tulej et al., Astrobiology, 2015, DOI: 10.1089/ast.2015.1304;JAAS,33(8):1292-1303, 2018

5. S. Meyer et al., J. Mass Spectrom. 2017, DOI: org/10.1002/jms.3964   

6. R. Wisendanger et al., J. Chemometrics, 2018, DOI: 10.1002/cem.3081

7. V. Grimaudo et al., Anal. Chem., 2018, DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b05313

 

 

How to cite: Tulej, M., Neubeck, A., Lukmanov, R., Grimaudo, V., Riedo, A., Cedeño López, A., de Koning, C. P., Ligterink, N. F. W., Ivarsson, M., and Wurz, P.: Determination of the Ni isotope fractionation in microfossils embedded in the aragonite phase, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-4248, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-4248, 2020

Display materials

Display file