EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Ensemble weather forecast of precipitation with a stochastic weather generator based on analogues circulation

Meriem Krouma1,2, Pascal Yiou2, Céline Déandréis1, and Soulivanh Thao2
Meriem Krouma et al.
  • 1ARIA Technologies, 8 Rue de la Ferme, 92100 Boulogne-Billancourt, France (
  • 2Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement, UMR 8212 CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, IPSL & U Paris-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France (


The aim of this study is to assess the skills of a stochastic weather generator (SWG) to forecast precipitation in Europe. The SWG is based on the random sampling of circulation analogues, which is a simple form of machine learning simulation. The SWG was developed and tested by Yiou and Déandréis (2019) to forecast daily average temperature and the NAO index. Ensemble forecasts with lead times from 5 to 80 days were evaluated with CRPSS scores against climatology and persistence forecasts. Reasonable scores were obtained up to 20 days.  In this study, we adapt the parameters of the analogue SWG to optimize the simulation of European precipitations. We then analyze the performance of this SWG for lead times of 2 to 20 days, with the forecast skill scores used by Yiou and Déandréis (2019). To achieve this objective, the SWG will use ECA&D precipitation data (Haylock. 2002), and the analogues of circulation will be computed from sea-level pressure (SLP) or geopotential heights (Z500) from the NCEP reanalysis. This provides 100-member ensemble forecasts on a daily time increment. We will evaluate the seasonal dependence of the forecast skills of precipitation and the conditional dependence to weather regimes. Comparisons with “real” medium range forecasts from the ECMWF will be performed.


Yiou, P., and Céline D.. Stochastic ensemble climate forecast with an analogue model. Geoscientific Model Development 12, 2 (2019): 723‑34.

Haylock, M. R. et al.. A European daily high-resolution gridded data set of surface temperature and precipitation for 1950-2006. J. Geophys. Res. - Atmospheres 113, D20 (2008): doi:10.1029/2008JD010201.



This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 813844.

How to cite: Krouma, M., Yiou, P., Déandréis, C., and Thao, S.: Ensemble weather forecast of precipitation with a stochastic weather generator based on analogues circulation, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-4705,, 2020


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