EGU2020-4830
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-4830
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Massive degassing-derived eruptions at Deception Island (Antarctica): Evidences from noble gas isotopes

Elena Núñez-Guerrero1,2, Hirochika Sumino3, Antonio M. Álvarez-Valero2, Meritxell Aulinas4, and Helena Albert5
Elena Núñez-Guerrero et al.
  • 1Laboratory of Stable Isotopes (NUCLEUS), University of Salamanca, Spain (elena_hds@usal.es)
  • 2Department of Geology, University of Salamanca, Spain
  • 3Department of Basic Sciences, University of Tokyo, Japan
  • 4University of Barcelona, Spain
  • 5Central Geophysical Observatory, Spanish Geographic Institute (IGN), Madrid, Spain

Analysis of noble gas isotopes is an excellent tool to decipher the origin of the Earth materials due to their particular isotopic ratios for each geochemical reservoir. In addition, they are particularly useful for tracing the evolution of these materials as their elemental ratios record modifications produced by key magmatic processes such as degassing, melting and crystallization (1).

We have analysed noble gas composition in melt inclusions in olivine phenocrysts and glass (bulk-rock) of volcanic ejecta from Deception Island’s volcano with the aim to trace noble gas evolution from its magma source to eruption. Deception Island is one of the most active volcanoes in Antarctica, characterised by three main eruptive episodes, namely pre-, syn- and postcaldera, which magmatic system is widely characterized from the petrologic and geochemical perspectives (2). In pre- and syn-caldera samples, we have extracted the gas from the glass, and the melt inclusions in the olivines, by step-heating (up to 2000ºC) and crushing (hydraulic press) in an ultra-high-vacuum mass spectrometer.

4He/40Ar* ratios in Deception Island (0.15-0.25), where 40Ar* indicates non-atmospheric 40Ar,are significantly lower than the mantle ratio (1-5). If this 4He/40Ar* variation resulted from fractionation during degassing, the residual magma (i.e., olivine melt inclusions)should have higher 4He/40Ar* ratio than the previous magmas as He is more soluble than Ar within silicate melt. Hence, the previous or primitivemagmashould have 4He/40Ar* lower than 0.15, due to diffusivity-controlled fractionation in its source mantle by precedent melt extraction stages. However, local pre- and syn-caldera olivines show 4He/40Ar* values as high as c. 20(with 3He/4He RA= 8, i.e. mantle signal), thus revealing intensivedegassing episodes that led to the pre- and syn-caldera eruptive events, responsible forboth the island formation and the caldera’s collapse, respectively. This is coherent at least with (i) the enormous eruption described in the island of over 60 km3of magma erupted (3)during the caldera event (4); and (ii) the current 4He/40Ar* values(5)of fumaroles in the island (3-8) that represent degassing of the present magma and are also higher than in the melt inclusions, thus implying significant degassing possibly during the caldera event.

 

(1) Burnard, 2001, GCA; (2) Geyer et al., 2019. Sci.Rep.; (3) Geyer & Martí, 2008. JVGR; (4) Antoniades et al., 2018. Sci.Rep; (5) Padrón et al., 2015. Antarct Sci.

This research was partially funded by the POSVOLDEC (CTM2016‐79617‐P) (AEI/FEDER‐UE) and VOLGASDEC (PGC2018-095693-B-I00) (AEI/FEDER‐UE) projects and a JSPS Invitation Fellowship (S18113) at the University of Tokyo. This research is also part of POLARCSIC activities. E. N-G very much appreciates the travel grant to attend EGU-2020 funded by ANTVOLC, the European Social Fund and the Youth Employment Initiative of the Consejería de Educación of Castilla y León.

How to cite: Núñez-Guerrero, E., Sumino, H., Álvarez-Valero, A. M., Aulinas, M., and Albert, H.: Massive degassing-derived eruptions at Deception Island (Antarctica): Evidences from noble gas isotopes, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-4830, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-4830, 2020