EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Evaluation of the impact of extreme storm surge and rainfall in coastal areas

Yejia Qiang and Limin Zhang
Yejia Qiang and Limin Zhang
  • The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong (

Under global warming, extreme meteorological events may increase in some regions in terms of both frequency and intensity in the future. Low-lying coastal areas may face the threat both from intensive rainfall and high sea level caused by sea level rise and enhanced storm surge. The Pearl River Delta (PRD) is one of the economic centers of China and is very densely populated. However, PRD is one of the most storm surge-exposed and flood-exposed urban areas in the world. This paper aims to assess the possible impacts of extreme sea level and rainfall on the costal urban areas in PRD. Frequency analysis on historical data of storm surge level and rainfall intensity is conducted, and several scenarios of combination of different magnitudes of the two meteorological events are designed. The trend of observed local sea level and possible land subsidence are also considered. The scenarios are used as inputs for a flood routing model to evaluate the combined impacts of the two meteorological events. Flood maps are produced for each scenario and the infrastructures potentially affected such as buildings and roads can be identified. The results can help identify critical areas prone to hazards under extreme cases and are meaningful for designing hazard prevention measurements.

How to cite: Qiang, Y. and Zhang, L.: Evaluation of the impact of extreme storm surge and rainfall in coastal areas, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-4985,, 2020