EGU2020-5004, updated on 12 Jun 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-5004
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Climate impact of the Drake Passage opening: lessons from a minimalistic laboratory experiment

Miklos Vincze1, Tamás Bozóki2,6, Mátyás Herein1, Ion Dan Borcia3, Costanza Rodda4, József Pálfy5, Anita Nyerges5, and Uwe Harlander4
Miklos Vincze et al.
  • 1MTA-ELTE Theoretical Physics Research Group, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary (mvincze@general.elte.hu)
  • 2Geodetic and Geophysical Institute of MTA Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Sopron, Hungary
  • 3Department of Computational Physics, Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus-Senftenberg, Cottbus, Germany
  • 4Department of Aerodynamics and Fluid Mechanics, Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus-Senftenberg, Cottbus, Germany
  • 5Department of Physical and Applied Geology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary
  • 6Doctoral School of Environmental Sciences, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary

The differentially heated rotating annulus is a widely studied experimental set-up designed to model mid-latitude circulation in the atmosphere and the ocean. By installing an insulating "meridional" barrier in this cylindrical tank, one can construct a minimal model of the large-scale flow phenomena in the Southern Ocean with a closed Drake Passage, imitating the situation before the Eocene-Oligocene transition (EOT) ca. 34 million years ago. We find that in this "closed" case a persistent azimuthal temperature gradient emerges whose magnitude scales linearly with the "meridional" temperature contrast. Furthermore, seemingly contradicting paleoclimatic data, the presence of the barrier appears to yield lower values of "sea surface temperature" in the tank than those in the "opened" control experiments (whereas the actual opening of the passage coincides with a major cooling event). This difference points to the importance of the role ice-albedo feedback plays in an EOT-like transition, an aspect that is not captured in the laboratory setting. This idea appears to be confirmed by numerical simulations conducted in a medium complexity GCM, where the comparison of "closed" on "opened" configurations could be made both with and without sea ice feedback. These runs indeed yielded opposite effects on sea-surface temperature and are therefore consistent with both the laboratory experiment and the paleoclimate data. This finding may well be relevant for the better understanding of the actual EOT dynamics.

How to cite: Vincze, M., Bozóki, T., Herein, M., Borcia, I. D., Rodda, C., Pálfy, J., Nyerges, A., and Harlander, U.: Climate impact of the Drake Passage opening: lessons from a minimalistic laboratory experiment, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-5004, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-5004, 2020

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Presentation version 2 – uploaded on 29 Apr 2020
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  • AC1: Comment on EGU2020-5004, Miklos Vincze, 29 Apr 2020

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