EGU2020-544, updated on 12 Jun 2020
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Can we use regional runoff models for correcting time series of absolute gravimetry?

Brian Bramanto1, Vegard Ophaug1, Christian Gerlach1,2, and Kristian Breili1,3
Brian Bramanto et al.
  • 1Faculty of Science and Technology, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, P.O. Box 5003, 1432 Ås, Norway ( (B.B.); (V.O.))
  • 2Geodesy and Glaciology, Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Alfons-Goppel-Str. 11, 80539 Munich, Germany (
  • 3Geodetic Institute, Norwegian Mapping Authority, Kartverksveien 21, 3511 Hønefoss, Norway (

Absolute gravity time series are available at various stations in Norway. The data have mainly been used for investigation of secular variations due to glacial isostatic adjustment. Previous work indicates that some of the estimated gravity trends suffer from unmodeled geophysical effects, like hydrological mass variations. Here we try to correct for hydrological effects by employing a combination of global and regional hydrological models. We use gravity data at two locations in the Norwegian network (NMBU and TRYC) which have frequently been observed with the absolute gravimeter FG5-226. 

For computing the gravity corrections, we test various Global Hydrological Models (GHMs) and combine them with a Regional Runoff Model (RRM) for Norway, run by the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE). We distinguish between an outer and an inner zone. In the outer zone, Newtonian attraction and loading effects are derived from the GHMs, while the RRM is used in the inner zone. Both types of models provide information on soil moisture and snow layers. The RRM provides groundwater variations in addition. Furthermore, we try to consider the ‘umbrella effect’ that accounts for local disturbances in subsurface water flow caused by the existence of the building in which the gravity site is located.  

Neglecting the GIA trend, both NMBU and TRYC gravity time series show different amplitude and pattern. NMBU shows a lower amplitude, and with no prominent periodic pattern in the data, while TRYC shows the opposite. Significant discrepancies occurring in the NMBU gravity dataset between 2014 and 2015 are likely due to an instrumental effect, such as maintenance. The total modelled hydrological signal ranges from -4 and 4 µGal. Application of the correction reduces the standard deviation in the gravity time series, at its best, by about 33% or 0.8 µGal for NMBU, and by about 43% or two µGal for TRYC. Secular gravity rates have been derived from both, the uncorrected and the corrected time series. We find that application of the hydrological correction improves the fit of the computed secular gravity rates as compared to rates derived from the state-of-the-art Fennoscandian land uplift model NKG2016LU_abs. The uncorrected trends are 75% and 50% of the expected trend (0.77 and 1.12 µGal/year), while the hydrological corrections improve the fit to 82% and 93% for NMBU and TRYC, respectively.

How to cite: Bramanto, B., Ophaug, V., Gerlach, C., and Breili, K.: Can we use regional runoff models for correcting time series of absolute gravimetry?, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-544,, 2019

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