EGU2020-5448, updated on 12 Jun 2020
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

High-resolution DEM Creation using a UAV for Flood Inundation Hydrodynamic Modeling- A Case of Rel River Flood, Gujarat, India

Dhruvesh Patel1, Raviraj Dave2, Amit Kumar Dubey3, Praveen Kumar Gupta3, and Raghavendra Singh3
Dhruvesh Patel et al.
  • 1Department of Civil Engineering, School of Technology, PDPU, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India (
  • 2Department of Civil Engineering, IIT-Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
  • 3Land Hydrology Division, Space Application Center (SAC-ISRO), Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Catastrophic flood leads to a major disaster in developing countries. It loses a life and significant valuable properties, therefore it assessment is a prime requirement to identify the risk and vulnerable area in a flood-prone region. Many hydrodynamic models are providing a solution to identify the flood inundation area, flood arrival time, and velocity of flow in flood susceptible area, however, due to the low resolution of DEM, it can’t assess the actual flooding condition. To overcome this limitation, the present study describes the creation of high resolution (3 cm gridded) DEM for Dhanera city, Rel river catchment in Gujarat where it was affected by the catastrophic flood in the year of 2015 and 2017. Phantom 4 Pro RTK, DGPS and Pix4 software are used for creation of high-resolution DEM. The entire 10 km2 area of Dhanera city is divided 4 blocks and each block is mapped by Phantom 4 pro-RTK Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) at 80 % image overlaps. A total of 9222 images are captured and post-processed using a Pix 4 software. Ground Control Points were marked for rectification in the geo-location of aerial images using DGPS (RTK). The aerial images collected during the survey have a spatial resolution of 3 cm with geo-location. The data collected is put for post-processing using Pix4D mapper software. 3D classified point cloud, DTM and DSM of 3 cm spatial resolution, orthomosaic of 3 cm spatial resolution are produced after the processing. Generated High-resolution DEM (DTM & DSM) will be utilized for hydrodynamic modeling to produce a precise flood inundation maps. 


Acknowledgement: The corresponding author is thankful to the ORSP, PDPU, and SAC-ISRO, SARITA program for providing the research grant to execute the work. (Grant no: ORSP/R&D/SRP/2019/MPDP/007; SAC/EPSA/GHCAG/LHD/SARITA/01/19)

How to cite: Patel, D., Dave, R., Dubey, A. K., Gupta, P. K., and Singh, R.: High-resolution DEM Creation using a UAV for Flood Inundation Hydrodynamic Modeling- A Case of Rel River Flood, Gujarat, India, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-5448,, 2020

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