EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The characteristics of the mid-depth striations in the North Indian Ocean

Yan Du1,2,3, Yifan Xia1,2, Bo Qiu4, Xuhua Cheng5, Tianyu Wang1, and Qiang Xie6
Yan Du et al.
  • 1South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography, Guangzhou, China (
  • 2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China (
  • 3Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou), Guangzhou, China(
  • 4Department of Oceanography, University of Hawaii at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI, USA(
  • 5College of Oceanography, Hohai University, Nanjing, China(
  • 6Institute of Deep-sea Science and Engineering, CAS, Sanya, China(

Argo trajectory data is used to estimate the velocities of mid-depth (1000db) currents in the North Indian Ocean (NIO). Based on these estimated velocities rather than an assumed level of “no motion”, the structure of upper ocean absolute geostrophic currents can be derived more accurately from the Argo temperature and salinity profiles. The derived flow field reveals that eastward zonal velocities have a striation-like structure in the Arabian Sea, while barely observed in the Bay of Bengal. The striation-like structure is most prominent in the layer from 500db, with a meridional scale of about 300km. Both the meridional scale and the distribution of these mid-depth striations are unique as compared to the other ocean basins. The nonlinear 1 1/2 -layer reduced gravity model and the baroclinic Rossby wave triad interaction theory capture the essential factors controlling the characteristics of the quasi-zonal striation structure. Compared to the Pacific Ocean, the narrower meridional scale in the NIO is because of the smaller basin scale in the equatorial zone rather than semiannual wind stress forcing period or slope of the eastern boundary. Coastal trapped Kelvin waves contribute significantly to the generation of the zonal striation in the Arabian Sea.

How to cite: Du, Y., Xia, Y., Qiu, B., Cheng, X., Wang, T., and Xie, Q.: The characteristics of the mid-depth striations in the North Indian Ocean, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-6513,, 2020


Display file

Comments on the display

AC: Author Comment | CC: Community Comment | Report abuse

displays version 1 – uploaded on 04 May 2020, no comments