EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Image Regression Classification of Air Quality by Convolutional Neural Network

Pu-Yun Kow1, Li-Chiu Chang2, and Fi-John Chang1
Pu-Yun Kow et al.
  • 1Department of Bioenvironmental Systems Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan
  • 2Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, Tamkang University, New Taipei City, 25137, Taiwan

As living standards have improved, people have been increasingly concerned about air pollution problems. Taiwan also faces the same problem, especially in the southern region. Thus, it is a crucial task to rapidly provide reliable information of air quality. This study intends to classify air quality images into, for example, “high pollution”, “moderate pollution”, or “low pollution” categories in areas of interest. In this work, we consider achieving a finer classification of air quality, i.e., more categories like 5-6 categories. To achieve our goal, we propose a hybrid model (CNN-FC) that integrates the convolutional neural network (CNN) and a fully-connected neural network for classifying the concentrations of PM2.5 and PM10 as well as the air quality index (AQI). Despite being implemented in many fields, the regression classification has, however, been rarely applied to air pollution problems. The image regression classification is useful to air pollution research, especially when some of the (more sophisticated) air quality detectors are malfunctioning. The hourly air quality datasets collected at Station Linyuan of Kaohsiung City in southern Taiwan form the case study for evaluating the applicability and reliability of the proposed CNN-FC approach. A total of 3549 datasets that contain the images (photos) and monitored data of PM2.5, PM10, and AQI are used to train and validate the constructed model. The proposed CNN-FC approach is employed to perform image regression classification by extracting important characteristics from images. The results demonstrate that the proposed CNN-FC model can provide a practical and reliable approach to creating an accurate image regression classification. The main breakthrough of this study is the image classification of several pollutants only using a single shallow CNN-FC model.

Keywords: PM2.5 forecast; image classification; Deep learning; Convolutional neural network; Fully-connected neural network; Taiwan


How to cite: Kow, P.-Y., Chang, L.-C., and Chang, F.-J.: Image Regression Classification of Air Quality by Convolutional Neural Network, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-7275,, 2020