EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Analysis of Clay-Induced Land Subsidence in Uppsala City Using Sentinel-1 SAR Data and Precise Leveling

Faramarz Nilfouroushan1,2 and Jonas Fryksten1,3
Faramarz Nilfouroushan and Jonas Fryksten
  • 1Department of Geodetic Infrastructure, Geodata Division, Lantmäteriet, Gävle, Sweden (
  • 2Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden
  • 3The Geological Survey of Sweden, Uppsala, Sweden

Land subsidence and its subsequent hazardous effects on buildings and urban infrastructure are important issues in many cities around the world. The city of Uppsala in Sweden is undergoing significant subsidence in areas that are located on clay. Underlying clay units in parts of Uppsala act as mechanically weak layers, which for instance, cause sinking of the ground surface and tilting buildings. In this study, a Persistent Scatterer InSAR (PSI) analysis was performed to map the ongoing ground deformation in Uppsala. The subsidence rate measured with PSI was validated with precise leveling data at different locations. Two ascending and descending data sets were analyzed using SARPROZ software, with Sentinel-1 data from the period March 2015 to April 2019. After the PSI analyses, comparative permanent scatterer (PS) points and metal pegs (measured with precise leveling) were identified creating validation pairs. According to the PSI analyses, Uppsala was undergoing significant subsidence in some areas, with an annual rate of about 6 mm/year in the line-of-sight direction. Interestingly, the areas of great deformation were exclusively found on postglacial clay.

How to cite: Nilfouroushan, F. and Fryksten, J.: Analysis of Clay-Induced Land Subsidence in Uppsala City Using Sentinel-1 SAR Data and Precise Leveling, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-7322,, 2020


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