EGU2020-7541
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-7541
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Sampling, filtering and analyzing procedures for thermal-optical OCEC analysis to determine black carbon, organic carbon and total carbon concentrations in Arctic snow, ice and water samples

Outi Meinander, Enna Heikkinen, and Minna Aurela
Outi Meinander et al.
  • Finnish Meteorological Institute, Research, Helsinki, Finland (outi.meinander@fmi.fi)

Seemingly small amounts of black carbon (BC) in snow, of the order of 10–100 parts per billion by mass (ppb), have been shown to decrease its albedo by 1–5 %. Due to the albedo-feedback mechanism, surface darkening accelerates snow and ice melt and contributes to Arctic warming.

Here we present the most recent procedures we use for sampling, filtering and analysis of Arctic snow, ice and water samples, to determine their black carbon (BC), organic carbon (OC) and total carbon (TC) contents. For the purpose, we apply the OCEC analyzer of the Finnish Meteorological Institute’s aerosol laboratory, Helsinki, Finland (60°12 N). Particles are collected on a quarz-fiber filter and subjected to different temperature ramps following the protocols (NIOSH-870, EUSAAR2, or IMPROVE). Pyrolysis correction is by laser transmittance. Light transmittance through the filter is monitored during the collection phase to quantify BC. The OCEC thermal-optical method is the current European standard method for determination of atmospheric BC.  

Our Arctic samples include surface snow and snow profile samples collected north of the Arctic Circle at the Finnish Meteorological Institute Arctic Space Center in Sodankylä, Finland (67◦37 N, 26◦63 E), which is also a World Meteorological Institute’s Global Atmospheric Watch station (WMO GAW). In addition, samples from H2020 EU-Interact stations of Faroes FINI, Iceland Sudurnes and UK Cairngorms, and elsewhere from Iceland and Finland, including Helsinki Kumpula SMEAR-III station (60°12 N, 24°57 E, Station for Measuring Ecosystem-Atmosphere Relations, https://www.atm.helsinki.fi/SMEAR/index.php/smear-iii) and the most northern research catchment area of Pallas (68°N, about 130 km north from the Arctic Circle, https://blogs.egu.eu/divisions/hs/2019/06/19/featured-catchment-series-pallas/), have been sampled and analyzed. The BC concentrations have been detected to vary according to the origin of the air masses and as a result of the seasonal snow melt process.

Acknowledgements. We gratefully acknowledge support from the EU-Interact-BLACK-project Black Carbon in snow and water (H2020 Grant Agreement No. 730938); the Academy of Finland NABCEA-project of Novel Assessment of Black Carbon in the Eurasian Arctic (No. 296302), Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland IBA-project Black Carbon in the Arctic and significance compared to dust sources (No. PC0TQ4BT-25); the Academy of Finland Center of Excellence program The Centre of Excellence in Atmospheric Science - From Molecular and Biological processes to The Global Climate (No. 272041), and The Nordic Center of Excellence CRAICC Cryosphere–Atmosphere Interactions in a Changing Arctic Climate.

 

 

How to cite: Meinander, O., Heikkinen, E., and Aurela, M.: Sampling, filtering and analyzing procedures for thermal-optical OCEC analysis to determine black carbon, organic carbon and total carbon concentrations in Arctic snow, ice and water samples, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-7541, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-7541, 2020

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