EGU2020-7767, updated on 12 Jun 2020
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Simulation experiments for studying an optimal carbon dioxide monitoring network for Osaka, Japan

Takayuki Hayashida1, Tomohiro Oda1,2,3, Takashi Machimura1, Takanori Matsui1, Akihiko Kuze4, Hiroshi Suto4, Kei Shiomi4, Fumie Kataoka5, Tetsuo Fukui6, Yukio Terao7, Masahide Nishihashi7, Kazutaka Murakami7, Takahiro Sasai8, Makoto Saito7, and Hiroshi Tanimoto7
Takayuki Hayashida et al.
  • 1Osaka University, School of Engineering, Department of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Engineering, Japan (
  • 2NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA
  • 3Universities Space Research Association, Columbia, MD, USA
  • 4Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
  • 5Remote Sensing Technology Center of Japan
  • 6The Institute of Behavioral Sciences, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan
  • 7National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
  • 8Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan

We prototype an Observing System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) system for studying an optimal carbon dioxide (CO2) monitoring network in Osaka city, one of the populated cities in Japan (population: 8.8 million).  In the first phase of our project, we built a multi-resolution, spatially-explicit fossil fuel CO2 emissions model to better quantify CO2 emissions with an updated information and detailed geospatial information.  In the second phase, we coupled the emission model to the WRF Chem model, and developed an OSSE capability to study an optimal CO2 observation network for Osaka.  After completing an evaluation of the meteorological fields and emission fields, we have started simulating atmospheric CO2 concentration using possible emission scenarios and examined the emission change detectability by an imaginary ground-based observation networks.  We started from existing observational sites for air quality monitoring sites and the selected suitable sites based on how much useful signals can be obtained.  In order to fully examine the detectability of CO2 emission changes in the presence of potential strong local and inflow biospheric CO2 contributions, we included biospheric fluxes calculated from the BEAMS model.  We have also attempted to calculate the cost for establishing the observational sites.  Our ultimate goal is to help decision makers to design an effective observation network given their emission reduction target as well as the budget constrain.

How to cite: Hayashida, T., Oda, T., Machimura, T., Matsui, T., Kuze, A., Suto, H., Shiomi, K., Kataoka, F., Fukui, T., Terao, Y., Nishihashi, M., Murakami, K., Sasai, T., Saito, M., and Tanimoto, H.: Simulation experiments for studying an optimal carbon dioxide monitoring network for Osaka, Japan, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-7767,, 2020