EGU2020-784, updated on 12 Jun 2020
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Lamprophyres from Turiy Cape and Kandalaksha Devonian dykes (Kola peninsula, Russia) : petrography,geochemistry and mineral composition

Alexei Vozniak1, Lyudmila Sazonova2, and Anna Nosova1
Alexei Vozniak et al.
  • 1GEOKHI RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation (
  • 2Lomonosov Moscow State University,Geological, Petrology, Moscow, Russian Federation

Study of phenocryst and megacryst mineral associations of alkali rocks is the key to understanding an evolution and a source of the rocks.

In the Devonian Kola alkaline province (KAP) along with large mafic-ultramafic massifs there are several synchronous swarms of lamprophyre dykes. The dyke swarms occur mainly in the Kandalaksha graben. As suggest, their compositional diversity is caused by fractional crystallization and crustal contamination and a primary melt of lamprophyre was generated from a common source.  

We have studied two dykes of the Turiy Cape swarm and  the Kandalaksha swarm in the vicinity of the Kandalaksha town. The aim of  study was to determine the source of lamprophyre melts based on petrography, geochemistry and detailed investigation of clinopyroxene and olivine.

Two principal petrographical types: alkali lamprophyres (Cb-Anl monchiquite) and ultramafic lamprophyres (Cpx ailikites and mela-alikites) in the Kandalaksha swarm were observed. Alkali lamprophyres contain medium size (0.3 – 1 cm) phenocrysts of olivine, clinopyroxene, magnetite, phlogopite. A groundmass contains analcime, clinopyroxene, various amounts of carbonate (from 0 to 30-40 %), pyrite, apatite, ilmenite.

Ultramafic lamprophyres contain medium size (0.5 – 1 cm) phenocrysts of olivine, clinopyroxene, phlogopite and amphibole. A groundmass contains phlogopite, carbonate, apatite, clinopyroxene, garnet, titanite and opaque minerals.

The most important chemical features of the  alkali lamprophyres are undersaturation of SiO2 (31.04-40.54 wt%), high alkali contents (3.86 – 6.47 wt% K2O+Na2O) and their sodium specification (K2O/Na2O - 0.36-0.68), whereas ultramafic lamprophyres  have lower alkali contents (1.73-3.39 wt% K2O+Na2O), and potassium specification (K2O/Na2O -  1 -2.31). They also contain less SiO2 (27.73 – 34.11 wt%).

The Turiy Cape dykes are characterized by only a single petrographic type  - alkali lamprophyres (Cb-Anl and Ne-Anl monchiquites). They contain small and medium size (0.1 – 1 cm) phenocrysts of olivine, clinopyroxenes, amphiboles, magnetite, phlogopite. A groundmass contains analcime, nepheline, aegirine, phlogopite, garnet, perovskite, apatite and opaque minerals.

Rocks of the Turiy Cape dykes are SiO2 undersaturated (33.93 - 41.86 wt%), and contain extremely high alkalis (5.62-14.51 wt% K2O+Na2O) and all of them have sodium specification (0.11-0.68 K2O/Na2O).

The most primitive core of clinopyroxenes in the Kandalaksha dykes are high magnesian (#Mg – 0.76 – 0.87), low titanian (0,5 – 1,09 wt% TiO2) and contains chromium (0.1-1.1 wt% Cr2O3). The clinopyroxenes of the Tyriy Cape dykes have high magnesian core (#Mg 0.79-0.83, 1.48-2.05 wt% TiO2, 0.12-0.4 wt% Cr2O3).

Olivines in the Kandalaksha lamprophyres have more primitive composition in comparison with olivines from the Turiy Cape ones. The #Mg of Kandalaksha olivines varies from 0.84 to 0.87, nickel concentration varies from 1500 to 2500 ppm and the  #Mg of Turiy Cape olivines varies from 0.82 to 0.85, nickel concentration varies from 500 to 1000 ppm.  

Based on composition of primary minerals we suggest that compositional diversity of both dyke swarms were formed due to crystal fractionation processes. Though, the significant difference in chemistry of whole rocks and clinopyroxene and olivine composition do not support a common source for of the  Turiy Cape and Kandalaksha dykes.

This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation under Grant No. 19-17-00024.


How to cite: Vozniak, A., Sazonova, L., and Nosova, A.: Lamprophyres from Turiy Cape and Kandalaksha Devonian dykes (Kola peninsula, Russia) : petrography,geochemistry and mineral composition, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-784,, 2019

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