EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Observed evaporation dynamics from a large lowland reservoir during a hot summer

Femke A. Jansen1, Adriaan J. Teuling1, Cor M.J. Jacobs2, and Pieter Hazenberg1
Femke A. Jansen et al.
  • 1Wageningen University, Hydrology and Quantitative Water Management, Wageningen, Netherlands (
  • 2Wageningen Environmental Research, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, Netherlands

In the past, most field studies on evaporation have focussed on land-atmosphere interactions, while the turbulent exchange above inland water surfaces have remained underexposed. However, due to the differences in characteristics of a land surface and a water body there are other driving mechanisms underlying the process of evaporation. This results in a difference in dynamics of surface evaporation between the land use types and consequently should lead to a different parameterization in hydrological models. Especially in a changing climate the importance of having an understanding of the driving mechanisms of open water evaporation (E­water) becomes more crucial to better predict to what extent the quantity and dynamics of Ewater could change in the future. This is essential to improve the parameterization of Ewater in operational hydrological models and therefore to optimize water management now and in the future. For this purpose, we set-up a long-term measurement campaign to measure Ewater and related meteorological variables over a large lowland reservoir in the Netherlands.

During the hot summer of 2019 two eddy-covariance systems were operational around lake IJsselmeer in the Netherlands. These high-temporal measurements are used to study the dynamics and to identify the forcing mechanisms of Ewater. We present the turbulent heat flux dynamics at several temporal scales over the summer season of 2019 and show how they are related to potential drivers and parameters. From this we develop a simple data based model for estimating hourly Ewater rates. Additionally, we compare Ewater resulting from the direct measurements to Ewater derived from commonly used evaporation models. Furthermore, we investigate and discuss the effect of including spatial variability on the total water loss of the IJsselmeer through Ewater. We achieve this by using the skin water temperature, which is considered an important predictor in the estimation of Ewater. Therefore, we use satellite products containing this information to extrapolate the in-situ observations towards spatially distributed rates of Ewater.

How to cite: Jansen, F. A., Teuling, A. J., Jacobs, C. M. J., and Hazenberg, P.: Observed evaporation dynamics from a large lowland reservoir during a hot summer, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-8130,, 2020