EGU2020-8246, updated on 12 Jun 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-8246
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Effect of Ph and vegetation cover in soil organic matter structure at a high-mountain ecosystem (Sierra Nevada National Park, Granada, Spain)

José A. González-Pérez1, Gael Bárcenas.Moreno2, Nicasio T Jiménez-Morillo3,4, María Colchero-Asensio2, Layla M. San Emeterio1, and José M. de la Rosa1
José A. González-Pérez et al.
  • 1IRNAS-CSIC, MOSS Group, Av. Reina Mercedes 10, 41012-Seville, Spain (jag@irnase.csic.es)
  • 2University of Seville, MED Soil Group. C/Prof Garcia Gonzalez 1, 41012-Seville, Spain
  • 3University of EvoraI, CAAM, Núcleo da Mitra, Ap. 94, 7006-554 Évora, Portugal
  • 4University of Evora, HERCULES Laboratory, Palácio do Vimioso, 7000-089 Évora, Portugal

Keywords: Soil reaction, analytical pyrolysis, soil respiration, carbon stabilization

During the last decade, soil organic matter dynamics and its determining factors have received increased attention, mainly due to the evident implication of these parameters in climate change understanding, predictions and possible management. High-mountain soil could be considered as hotspot of climate change dynamic since its high carbon accumulation and low organic matter degradation rates could be seriously altered by slight changes in temperature and rainfall regimes associated to climate change effects. In the particular case of Sierra Nevada National Park, this threat could be even stronger due to its Southern character, although its elevated biodiversity could shed some light on how could we predict and manage climate change in the future.

In this study, a quantitative and qualitative organic matter characterization was performed and soil microbial activity measured to evaluate the implication of pH and vegetation in soil organic matter dynamics.

The sampling areas were selected according to vegetation and soil pH; with distinct soil pH (area A with pH<7 and area B with pH>7) and vegetation (high-mountain shrubs and pine reforested area). Soil samples were collected under the influence of several plant species representatives of each vegetation series. Six samples were finally obtained (five replicates each); three were collected in area A under Juniperus communis ssp. Nana (ENE), Genista versicolor (PIO) and Pinus sylvestris (PSI) and other three were collected in area B under Juniperus Sabina (SAB), Astragalus nevadensis (AST) and Pinus sylvestris (PCA).

Qualitative and quantitative analyses of soil organic matter were made to establish a possible relationship with microbial activity estimated by respiration rate (alkali trap) and fungi-to-bacteria ratio using a plate count method. Soil easily oxidizable organic carbon content was determined by the Walkley-Black method (SOC %) and organic matter amount was estimated by weight loss on ignition (LOI %). Analytical pyrolysis (Py-GC/MS) was used to analyse in detail the soil organic carbon composition.

Our results showed that the microbial and therefore the dynamics of organic matter is influenced by both, soil pH and soil of organic matter. So that the pH in acidic media prevail as a determining factor of microbial growth over soil organic matter composition conditioned by vegetation.

Acknowledgement: Ministerio de Ciencia Innovación y Universidades (MICIU) for INTERCARBON project (CGL2016-78937-R). N.T. Jiménez-Morillo and L. San Emeterio also thanks MICIU for funding FPI research grants (BES-2013-062573 and Ref. BES-2017-07968). Mrs Desiré Monis is acknowledged for technical assistance.

 

How to cite: González-Pérez, J. A., Bárcenas.Moreno, G., Jiménez-Morillo, N. T., Colchero-Asensio, M., San Emeterio, L. M., and de la Rosa, J. M.: Effect of Ph and vegetation cover in soil organic matter structure at a high-mountain ecosystem (Sierra Nevada National Park, Granada, Spain), EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-8246, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-8246, 2020

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