EGU2020-8959
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-8959
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Changes in soil nutrient content, biological activity and CO2 emission rate as a result of low-dose municipal sewage sludge compost application

Andrea Prof. Dr. Farsang1,3, Katalin Dr. Perei3,2, Attila Bodor2, Zsuzsanna Dr. Ladányi1, Katalin Csányi1, Katalin Gombos1, Izabella Dr. Babcsányi1, and Károly Dr. Barta1
Andrea Prof. Dr. Farsang et al.
  • 1Department of Physical Geography and Geoinformatics, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
  • 2Department of Biotechnology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
  • 3Institute of Environmental Science and Technology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary

Land application of sewage sludge is an increasingly popular means of the reuse of sewage sludge as it allows for recycling of valuable components, such as organic matter, N, P and other nutrients. Indeed, sewage sludge amendment to the soil modifies the soil’s physico-chemical properties, such as plant-available macro/micro nutrient contents, organic matter content. Additionally, sewage sludge applications can significantly increase the amount of microbial biomass in the soil and can also increase the soil enzyme activities. The aim of the present study is to investigate the impact of low-dose municipal sewage sludge compost amendment on the nutrient status and the biological activity in Chernozem soils. 

The study area, located near Újkígyós (SE Hungary), is a 5.6 ha arable land, where 2.5 m3/ha/year municipal sewage compost has been regularly disposed since 2013. The pH (in H2O) and humus content of soils were measured according to standard procedures. The macronutrients P2O5 and K2O were extracted using ammonium-lactate, while the nitrogen forms (NO2- + NO3- -N) were extracted with KCl-solution. The nutrient content was then determined by a flow injection analysis photometer. In order to determine the bacterial composition and enzyme activity of the soil samples, the number of living cells (CFUs), the catalase enzyme activity (CAT) and the dehydrogenase activity (DHA) were determined. The CO2 emission was measured by an EGM-5 Portable High Precision CO2 Meter in the field.  

The sewage sludge compost applied to Chernozem soils improved soil properties by adding slowly decomposing organic matter, abundant in plant macronutrients (N, K, P). The anaerobic microorganisms and the DHA enzyme activity in the anaerobic soil layers did not increase in the compost-amended soils. The aerobic microorganisms (CFUs) and CAT activity tended to be higher in treated soils compared to the non-amended (control) site, however not significantly. These results suggest that the soil biological activity is only moderately affected by the low-dose municipal sewage sludge compost applications. According to our field CO2 emission measurements, the yearly application of the sewage sludge compost in a low-dose seemingly did not affect the soil respiration rates, compared to a local control site.

The research was funded by the ‘Thematic Network for the Sustainable Use of Re-sources – RING2017’ project (program code: EFOP-3.6.2-16-201700010).

How to cite: Prof. Dr. Farsang, A., Dr. Perei, K., Bodor, A., Dr. Ladányi, Z., Csányi, K., Gombos, K., Dr. Babcsányi, I., and Dr. Barta, K.: Changes in soil nutrient content, biological activity and CO2 emission rate as a result of low-dose municipal sewage sludge compost application, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-8959, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-8959, 2020

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