EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Evidence for repeated and global palaeoenvironmental perturbations during the Aalenian

Alicia Fantasia1, Thierry Adatte2, Jorge E. Spangenberg3, Nicolas Thibault4, Emanuela Mattioli5,6, Enrique Bernárdez7, François-Nicolas Krencker1, and Stéphane Bodin1
Alicia Fantasia et al.
  • 1Department of Geoscience, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark (
  • 2Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
  • 3Institute of Earth Surface Dynamics, University of Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
  • 4Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, 1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark
  • 5Université de Lyon, UCBL, ENSL, CNRS, LGL-TPE, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France
  • 6Institut Universitaire de France, Paris, France
  • 7Department of Geology, University of Atacama, Copiapó, Atacama, Chile

Over the last decades, studies on Jurassic palaeoenvironments have been mostly focussed on the early Toarcian as this latter was marked by the Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event (T-OAE; ca. 183 Ma), which was one of the most extreme hyperthermal of the Phanerozoic. Hence, little is know about palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental changes during the Aalenian time interval, although it is likely marked by an abrupt cooling in the aftermath of the Toarcian warm mode. Available palaeontological and geochemical datasets suggest that the Aalenian is also characterized by faunal turnovers and potential carbon-cycle perturbations. Despite those evidence, there is still no consensus about the modality of Aalenian palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatic changes as well as their potential triggering mechanisms. In addition, data from outside Europe are absent, leading to large uncertainties whether the observed changes are of gobal significance. In this study, we focus on the upper Toarcian–lower Bajocian interval of two marl/limestone alternation successions, namely Le Brusquet (Vocontian Basin, SE France) and El Peñon (Andean Basin, N Chile). Palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatic conditions are inferred based on high-resolution mineralogical (whole-rock and clay fraction) and geochemical (carbon isotopes, Rock-Eval pyrolysis, phosphorus, mercury) analyses. Additionaly, we provide a cyclostratigraphic framework for the Aalenian based on high-resolution magnetic susceptibility spectral analysis. The carbon isotope composition of bulk organic matter reveals evident correlatable fluctuations between sites from both hemispheres, providing the first evidence that the carbon cycle was globally and repeatedely disturbed during the Aalenian. The Toarcian–Aalenian transition is associated with a decrease in detrital and nutrient input (phosphorus), which is likely related to the shift towards the Aalenian cool mode. Interestingly, the middle–upper Aalenian transition is characterized by a sharp increase in terrigenous and nutrient influxes suggesting a more humid and warmer episode. The concomitance between strongly expressed precession cycles and palaeoenvironmental changes suggests moreover the influence of orbital parameters on the Aalenian sedimentary record.

How to cite: Fantasia, A., Adatte, T., Spangenberg, J. E., Thibault, N., Mattioli, E., Bernárdez, E., Krencker, F.-N., and Bodin, S.: Evidence for repeated and global palaeoenvironmental perturbations during the Aalenian , EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-9527,, 2020.

This abstract will not be presented.