EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Development of C- shear bands in brittle-ductile shear zones: Insights from analogue and numerical models.

Arnab Roy, Nandan Roy, Puspendu Saha, and Nibir Mandal
Arnab Roy et al.
  • High Pressure - Temperature Lab, Department of Geological sciences, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India (

Development of brittle and brittle-ductile shear zones involve partitioning of large shear strains in bands, called C-shear bands (C-SB) nearly parallel to the shear zone boundaries. Our present work aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the rheological factors in controlling such SB growth in meter scale natural brittle- ductile shear zones observed in in Singbhum and Chotonagpur mobile belts.  The shear zones show C- SB at an angle of 0°- 5° with the shear zone boundary. We used analogue models, based on Coulomb and Viscoplastic rheology to reproduce them in experimental conditions.

These models produce dominantly Riedel (R) shear bands. We show a transition from R-shearing in conjugate to single sets at angles of ~15o by changing model materials. However, none of the analogue models produced C-SB, as observed in the field. To reconcile the experimental and field findings, numeral models have been used to better constrain the geometrical and rheological parameters. We simulate model shear zones replicating those observed in the field, which display two distinct zones: drag zone where the viscous strains dominate  and the core zone, where both viscous and plastic strains come into play.  Numerical model results suggest the formation of  C- SB for a specific rheological condition. We also show varying shear band patterns as a function of the thickness ratio between drag and core zones.

How to cite: Roy, A., Roy, N., Saha, P., and Mandal, N.: Development of C- shear bands in brittle-ductile shear zones: Insights from analogue and numerical models., EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-960,, 2020.