EGU2020-9705
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-9705
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Two leading modes of wintertime atmospheric circulation drive the recent warm Arctic-cold Eurasia temperature pattern

kunhui Ye1,2 and Gabriele Messori2,3
kunhui Ye and Gabriele Messori
  • 1Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • 2Uppsala University, Department of Earth Sciences, Sweden (kunhui.ye@geo.uu.se)
  • 3Department of Meteorology and Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University

The wintertime warm Arctic-cold Eurasia (WACE) temperature trend during 1990-2010 was characterized by accelerating warming in the Arctic region, cooling in Eurasia and accelerating autumn/winter Arctic sea ice loss. We identify two atmospheric circulation modes over the North Atlantic-Northern Eurasian sector which displayed strong upward trends over the same period and can explain a large part of the observed decadal WACE pattern. Both modes bear a close resemblance to well-known teleconnection patterns and are relatively independent from anomalies in Arctic sea-ice cover. The first mode (PC1) captures the recent negative trends in the North Atlantic Oscillation and increased Greenland blocking frequency while the second mode (PC2) is reminiscent of a Rossby wave train and reflects an increased blocking frequency over the Urals and North Asia. We find that the loss in the Arctic sea ice and the upward trends in the PC1/PC2 together account for most of the decadal Arctic warming trend (>80%). However, the decadal Eurasian cooling trends may be primarily ascribed to the two circulation modes alone: all of the cooling in Siberia is contributed to by the PC1, and 65% of the cooling in East Asia by their combination (the contribution by PC2 doubles that by PC1). Enhanced intraseasonal activity of the two circulation modes increases blocking frequencies over Greenland, the Ural region and North Asia, which drive anomalous moisture/heat flux towards the Arctic and alter the downward longwave radiation. It weakens warm advection and enhances advection of Arctic cold airmass towards Eurasia.

How to cite: Ye, K. and Messori, G.: Two leading modes of wintertime atmospheric circulation drive the recent warm Arctic-cold Eurasia temperature pattern, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-9705, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-9705, 2020

This abstract will not be presented.