EGU21-10510
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-10510
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

A constraint to thermal conductivity of Earth’s core and CMB heat flow by assessment on a stable region of Earth’s core

Takashi Nakagawa1, Shin-ichi Takehiro2, and Youhei Sasaki3
Takashi Nakagawa et al.
  • 1Kobe University, Kobe, Japan (takashi.geodynamics@gmail.com)
  • 2Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
  • 3Setsunan University, Neyagawa Osaka, Japan

It is still controversial for an emergence of a stable region at the top of Earth’s core in theoretical modeling because both thermal conductivity of Earth’s core and heat flow across the core-mantle boundary (CMB) have not been clearly constrained from mineral physics and geophysical observations, ranging 20 to 220 W/m/K for the thermal conductivity (denoted as ) and 5 to 20 TW for the present-day CMB heat flow (denoted as QPCMB). In this study, in order to resolve these uncertainties, we try to constrain the values of thermal conductivity of Earth’s core and the present-day CMB heat flow by requiring continuous generation of geomagnetic field in addition to existence of a stable region at the top of present Earth’s core using a one-dimensional thermal and compositional evolution model.  

Numerical experiments for various values of  and QPCMB show that the solutions satisfying both long-term magnetic field generation and emergence of a stable region is possible only when  is larger than 40 W/m/K and QPCMB is less than 18.5 TW. The specific required value of depends on QPCMB. If the expected CMB heat flow would be as large value as 17.5 TW, which is suggested by the recent studies on the core evolution theory (e.g., Labrosse, 2015),  should be a high value such as about 212 W/m/K to satisfy our requirements. The thickness of an expected stable region would be about 30 km in this case. In contrast, when QPCMB is as small as that derived from numerical mantle convection models (e.g., 10 TW; Nakagawa and Tackley, 2010), the required value of  decreases to 110 W/m/K. In this case, a stable region extends about 75 km thickness below CMB.

If the requirements assumed in this study is confirmed by certain geophysical observations and/or QPCMB can be restricted more precisely with some methods, our assessment scheme would be useful for evaluations of the radial convective structure of Earth’s core and for further constraint of the value of thermal conductivity of Earth’s core.

How to cite: Nakagawa, T., Takehiro, S., and Sasaki, Y.: A constraint to thermal conductivity of Earth’s core and CMB heat flow by assessment on a stable region of Earth’s core, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-10510, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-10510, 2021.

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