EGU21-10671
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-10671
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

A review of worldwide sediment core dating research including fallout radiocaesium (137Cs)  

Anthony Foucher1, Pierre Sabatier2, Pierre-Alexis Chaboche1, and Olivier Evrard1
Anthony Foucher et al.
  • 1Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement (LSCE/IPSL), Université Paris-Saclay, UMR 8212 (CEA-CNRS-UVSQ), Gif-sur-Yvette, France (anthony.foucher@outlook.com)
  • 2EDYTEM, Université Savoie-Mont Blanc, Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, 73370, Le Bourget du Lac, France

Dating recent sediment archives (<150 years) constitutes are need for environmental and climatic reconstructions. Radiocaesium (137Cs) emitted during thermonuclear bombs testing (~1950 - ~1980) and nuclear accidents (1986 and 2011) was generally used for identifying sediment sources or for establishing sediment core chronology based on discrete time markers. Although this method was widely used during the last several decades, there is a lack of structured and comprehensive worldwide synthesis of radiocaesium fallouts. The current literature overview was based on 573 articles published between 1977 and 2020, reporting the collection of 1351 individual dated sediment cores. This synthesis led to the identification of the worldwide distribution of discrete time markers associated with the thermonuclear bomb testing peak in 1963, the Chernobyl fallout, the Fukushima fallout, as well as the identification of at least 25 events induced by local accidents or nuclear tests (e.g. Sellafield, la Hague accidents, Chinese nuclear tests).

With a growing number of studies focusing on the analysis of recent sediment cores and the increasing interest in sediment fingerprinting techniques, this spatialized synthesis provides a unique worldwide referential for identifying the distribution of the 137Cs sources at global scale. It also outlines the main questions that would deserve attention in future research perspectives and the regions where 137Cs fallouts investigations should be conducted in priority.

How to cite: Foucher, A., Sabatier, P., Chaboche, P.-A., and Evrard, O.: A review of worldwide sediment core dating research including fallout radiocaesium (137Cs)  , EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-10671, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-10671, 2021.

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