EGU21-10697, updated on 13 Jan 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-10697
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Isotopic characterisation of methane emissions from Krakow, Poland

Malika Menoud1, Carina van der Veen1, Jaroslaw Necki2, Mila Stanisavljevic2, Barbara Szenási3, Isabelle Pison3, Philippe Bousquet3, and Thomas Röckmann1
Malika Menoud et al.
  • 1Institute for Marine and Atmospheric research Utrecht (IMAU), Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands (m.menoud@uu.nl)
  • 2Faculty of Physics and Applied Computer Science, AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
  • 3Laboratoire des sciences du climat et de l'environnement (LSCE), Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin, Paris, France

Methane (CH4) emissions from human activities are a threat to the resilience of our current climate, and to the adherence of the Paris Agreement goals. The stable isotopic composition of methane (δ13C and δ2H) allows to distinguish between the different CH4 origins. A significant part of the European CH4 emissions, 10 % in 2016, comes from the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (USCB). 

Measurements of CH4 mole fraction (χ(CH4)), δ13C and δ2H in CH4 in ambient air were performed continuously during 6 months in 2018 and 2019 at Krakow, Poland. In addition, CH4 samples were collected during parallel mobile campaigns, from multiple CH4 sources in the footprint area of continuous measurements. The resulting isotopic signatures from natural gas leaks, coal mine fugitive emissions, landfill and sewage, and ruminant emissions were statistically different. The use of δ2H in CH4 is crucial to distinguish the fossil fuel emissions in the case of Krakow, because their relatively depleted δ13C values overlap with the ones of microbial sources. The observed χ(CH4) time series showed a regular daily night-time accumulations, sometimes combined with irregular pollution events during the day. The isotopic signatures of each peak were obtained using the Keeling plot method, and generally fall in the range of thermogenic CH4 formation, with δ13C between -55.3 and -39.4 ‰ V-PDB, and δ2H between -285 and -124 ‰ V-SMOW. They compare well with the signatures measured for gas leaks in Krakow and USCB mines. 

The CHIMERE transport model was used to compute the CH4 time series at the study location, based on two emission inventories. The χ(CH4) are generally under-estimated in the model. The isotopic signatures of all pollution events over the entire time periods were extracted from Keeling plots applied on each peaks, for both observed and modelled time series using the EDGAR v5.0 inventory. The results indicate that a higher contribution from fuel combustion sources in the inventory would lead to a better agreement. The isotopic mismatches between model and observations are mainly caused by uncertainties in the assigned isotopic signatures for each source category, and how they are classified in the inventory. These uncertainties are larger for emissions close to the study site, which are more heterogenous than the ones advected from the USCB coal mines. Our isotope approach proves here to be very sensitive in this region, thus helping to improve emission estimates.

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