EGU21-10719, updated on 04 Mar 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-10719
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Mapping catastrophic ice damage in forested area: a case study for a deciduous forest in Hungary

László Zoltán1, Zoltán Friedl2,3, Balázs Székely3, Vivien Pacskó2, Ildikó Orbán1,4, Eszter Tanács4, Bálint Magyar2, Dániel Kristóf2, and Tibor Standovár1
László Zoltán et al.
  • 1Department of Plant Systematics, Ecology and Theoretical Biology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Pázmány P. sétány 1/C, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary (zoltan.laci93@gmail.com)
  • 2Lechner Knowledge Centre Non-profit Ltd., 59 Budafoki Str., H-1111 Budapest, Hungary
  • 3Department of Geophysics and Space Science, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Pázmány P. sétány 1/C, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary
  • 4MTA Centre for Ecological Research, Institute of Ecology and Botany, 2-4 Alkotmány Str., H-2163 Vácrátót, Hungary

In December 2014 a catastrophic ice disturbance affected the forests of the Börzsöny Mts., Hungary. Planning salvage logging is an urgent task after such events. The use of Earth Observation (EO) data in near real-time could facilitate such planning at a critical time. However, conventional remote sensing studies apply data of passive multispectral sensors, hence the earliest post-event canopy cover damages could be examined only after foliation. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is an active remote sensing technique, which could be used for the detection of forest disturbances even outside the vegetation period. Due to its 12 days revisit time Sentinel-1 may play an important role in the fast detection of the damaged forests in the case of such events. In this work, we analyze the potential of Sentinel-1 SAR data in mapping natural disturbances in forests, through the 2014 ice break event.

We made 4 classifications with the different combination of the following variables: radar backscatter coefficients, polarimetric descriptors, interferometric coherence and optical data. We put great emphasis on the reference datasets: 3 types of field-based reference datasets were used, which include re-surveys (explicit data on changes). Based on the field data and orthophoto comparison the damaged patches were delineated manually as the most reliable reference.

We have found that none of the classifications were suitable for identifying the crown loss damages properly, but all of them were capable to detect the uproot damages. The classification using all of the variables proved to be the most reliable. The interferometric coherence with the polarimetric radar data provided the best information compared to the classification including optical data.

How to cite: Zoltán, L., Friedl, Z., Székely, B., Pacskó, V., Orbán, I., Tanács, E., Magyar, B., Kristóf, D., and Standovár, T.: Mapping catastrophic ice damage in forested area: a case study for a deciduous forest in Hungary, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-10719, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-10719, 2021.

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