EGU21-10907, updated on 07 Oct 2023
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Hunting down the late Miocene-early Pliocene biogenic bloom in the Tasman Sea: an integrated study at IODP Site U1506

Maria Elena Gastaldello1,2, Claudia Agnini1, Edoardo Dallanave3, Thomas Westerhold4, Adriane R. Lam5, Michelle K. Drake6, Gerald R. Dickens7, Rupert Sutherland8, and Laia Alegret2
Maria Elena Gastaldello et al.
  • 1Università degli studi di Padova, Scuola di Scienze, Padova, Italy
  • 2Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra, Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain
  • 3Deparment of Geosciences, University Bremen, Germany
  • 4MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Germany
  • 5Department of Geosciences, University of Massachusetts, USA
  • 6Ocean Sciences Department, University of California, USA
  • 7Rice University, Houston TX, USA
  • 8Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand

The latest Miocene-early Pliocene biogenic bloom is a poorly understood paleoceanographic event that has been traditionally related to increased primary productivity; and associated changes in the marine carbon cycle. In order to identify this event in the Tasman Sea, we carried out an integrated study at IODP Site U1506. First, we have constructed an age model based on an integrated approach (i.e. biostratigraphy, astrocyclostratigraphic tuning). This permits the identification of the precise position as well as the duration of the biogenic bloom in the Tasman Sea but also the calculation of sedimentation rates across the study interval. In this framework, we generated quantitative micropaleontological records (benthic and planktic foraminifera and calcareous nannofossils) and a low-resolution carbon and oxygen stable isotope records on Cibicidoides mundulus and Trilobatus sacculifer across an interval spanning from 233.50 to 81.75 m CSF-A (Tortonian, late Miocene to Zanclean, early Pliocene). Quantitative assemblage work and statistical analyses on the resulting dataset point to increased export productivity in the lower part of the interval (between CNM15 and CNM18, Backman et al., 2012), as inferred from benthic foraminiferal assemblages dominated by taxa (e.g. Uvigerina and Ehrenbergina) that have been reported to be common across the biogenic bloom in the Indian Ocean (Dickens and Owen, 1999). The paleoecological analysis of these assemblages suggests eutrophic conditions at the seafloor and low oxygen concentration of bottom waters.


Backman, J., Raffi, I., Rio, D., Fornaciari, E., & Pälike, H., 2012. Biozonation and biochronology of Miocene through Pleistocene calcareous nannofossils from low and middle latitudes. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 45(3), 221–244.

Dickens, G.R. and Owen, R.M., 1999. The latest Miocene-early Pliocene biogenic bloom: A revised Indian Ocean perspective. Marine Geology, 161: 75-91.


University of Padova DOR grant, CARIPARO Foundation Phd scholarship.

Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness and FEDER funds (PID2019-105537RB-I00).

How to cite: Gastaldello, M. E., Agnini, C., Dallanave, E., Westerhold, T., Lam, A. R., Drake, M. K., Dickens, G. R., Sutherland, R., and Alegret, L.: Hunting down the late Miocene-early Pliocene biogenic bloom in the Tasman Sea: an integrated study at IODP Site U1506, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-10907,, 2021.