EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Geochemical composition of Casaglia geothermal fluids and its relationships with the tectonic regime (Emilia-Romagna Region, Italy) 

Silvia Balzan1, Antonio Caracausi2, Giacomo Ferretti1, Anna Saroni1, Giovanni Martinelli2, Francesco Italiano2, and Massimo Coltorti1
Silvia Balzan et al.
  • 1University of Ferrara, Department of Physics and Earth Sciences, Ferrara, Italy
  • 2Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Palermo, Italy,

In this study the geochemical composition of the fluids belonging to the geothermic reservoir of Casaglia is presented. The site is located few kilometers northward of Ferrara, probably the only city in Italy whose heating system is fed by the geothermal heat near the top of the Dorsale Ferrarese, a structural anticline raising the Mesozoic limestones up to few hundred meters below the surface. Measurements of the chemical and isotopic composition of the gas phase (e.g., CO2 and noble gas) were carried out, together with a full characterization of the physico-chemical parameters and the chemistry of the water phase.

Fluids derive from a well at a depth of about 322+15meters and the temperature of the emerging water is of 78,6 °C, pH of 6.29 and Eh of -470 mV. Salinity is up to 115.6 mS/cm with a TDS varying between 71024 mg/L and 73718 mg/L. The hydrochemical facies is identified as clorurato-alkaline and the Cl/Br ratio suggest mixing with fossil brines. dD and d18O vary from 4.70 to 5.02 and from -12.0 to -12.2 respectively. The volatile phase is mainly composed of N2 (24.9-40.5 %),CH4 (21.1-29.5 %) and CO2 (37.1-18.6 %), with d13C(CO2), d13C(CH4) and dD(CH4) varying from -4.4 to -3.7 ‰, from -41.7 to 41.2 ‰ and from -152 to -171 ‰, respectively.  The He amounts are extraordinary high (up to 3956 ppm)  with a 3He/4He of 0.02Ra unequivocally pointing to a crustal origin (e.g., Caracausi & Sulli, 2019). The 40Ar/36Ar ratios span the range 300-374, being very close to the same ratio in atmosphere.

Such high He concentration cannot be explained by a simple steady-state crustal degassing, taking into account the Th and U contents of the sedimentary cover and the metamorphic basement (Coltorti et al. 2011) which lead also to consider that the thermal state of the Casaglia reservoir involve the entire crustal thickness and not only the Mesozoic carbonate succession that hosts the reservoir itself.

It is inferred that under an active tectonic regime, as it is that where Casaglia is located, the formation of micro-fracturation, due to the field of stress generated by the local seismicity, increases the He release from the rocks and can contribute to the observed He excess in the geothermal reservoirs (e.g., Buttitta et al., 2020). In this respect, the fault system of Dorsale Ferrarese contributes to generate a preferential pathway for rising fluids with consequent mixing phenomena and provides a reasonable explanation about the presence of this high He content in the reservoir.


Buttitta D. et al. (2020). Continental degassing of helium in an active tectonic setting (northern Italy): the role of seismicity. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 1–13.

Caracausi A. & Sulli A. (2019). Outgassing of Mantle Volatiles in Compressional Tectonic Regime Away From Volcanism: The Role of Continental Delamination. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 20(4), 2007–2020.

Coltorti M. et al. 2011. U and Th content in the Central Apennines continental crust: a contribution to the determination of the geo-neutrinos flux at LNGS. Geoch. Cosmoch. Acta 75, 2271-2294.

How to cite: Balzan, S., Caracausi, A., Ferretti, G., Saroni, A., Martinelli, G., Italiano, F., and Coltorti, M.: Geochemical composition of Casaglia geothermal fluids and its relationships with the tectonic regime (Emilia-Romagna Region, Italy) , EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-11088,, 2021.


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