EGU21-11933
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-11933
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Meteorological conditions favourable for strong aerosol impacts on clouds

Heido Trofimov1 and Velle Toll2
Heido Trofimov and Velle Toll
  • 1University of Tartu, Institute of Physics, Laboratory of Atmospheric Physics, Estonia (heidotrofimov@gmail.com)
  • 2University of Tartu, Institute of Physics, Laboratory of Atmospheric Physics, Estonia (velle.toll@ut.ee)

Pollution tracks in clouds induced by anthropogenic aerosols (Toll et al 2019, Nature, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1423-9) are visually detectable ship-track-like quasi-linear polluted cloud features in satellite imagery. Pollution tracks provide a direct way to study aerosol-cloud interactions, the most uncertain mechanism of anthropogenic climate forcing. Here, we study environmental conditions favourable for pollution tracks’ formation. We use meteorological data from in-situ observations and ERA5 reanalysis and cloud properties derived from MODIS retrievals over the period 2000-2019. We detected pollution track occurrences at the anthropogenic air pollution hot spots of Norilsk and Cherepovec in Russia and Thompson in Canada. In Norilsk, there are large Nickel smelters, in Cherepovec, a steel manufacturing plant, and in Thompson nickel mining and milling operations take place. We compare the meteorological conditions of track-days to cloudy no-track-days. Depending on the studied location, polluted cloud tracks occur 2.7% to 3.5% of the time. Preliminary results show track formation dependence on large-scale dynamical situation, atmospheric stability, unperturbed cloud properties and relative humidity below and above clouds. The track formation could be limited by aerosols, aerosol vertical transport and activation or cloud susceptibility. Our results help to reduce the uncertainty associated with the anthropogenic aerosol impacts on clouds.

How to cite: Trofimov, H. and Toll, V.: Meteorological conditions favourable for strong aerosol impacts on clouds, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-11933, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-11933, 2021.

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