EGU21-12030, updated on 04 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Magnetostratigraphy of the Yili Basin indicates Late Cenozonic activity of the Tianshan Mountain, northwestern China

Liu Xiaoyan1,2,3, Yuan Sihua2,3, Jin Chunsheng4, Bai Xiangdong2,3, Jiang Jiyi2,3, Zhao Zhenghong5, and Li Ying5
Liu Xiaoyan et al.
  • 1China University of Geosciences Beijing, Beijing, 100083, P. R. China (
  • 2College of Earth Science, Institute of Disaster Prevention, Hebei Sanhe, 065201, Hebie, P. R. China
  • 3Hebei Key Laboratory of Earthquake Dynamics, Sanhe 065201, Hebie, P. R. China
  • 4Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, 100029, P. R. China
  • 5Xi’an Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Xi’an, 710054, Shanxi, P. R. China

The Yili basin, sandwiched in the Northern and Southern Tianshan Mountain, is an ideal area to study the eroded histories at the Northern Tianshan Mountain during the late Cenozoic. Massive works have been done on tectonic deformation and uplift in this region. However, due to the lack of biostratigraphic data and effective dating marks, the uplifting time limit of the Tianshan Mountain are still argued by many researchers. In order to constrain the uplift history in the west Tianshan Mountain and provid the late Cenozoic time scale, we carried out a series of studies in the Chinese Yili Basin, fortunately, we acquired a drilling core with a depth of 500 m in the Quarternary depocenter in this basin, which provides the basis for the relevant studies. These results offered basic geological data for protecting against and mitigating earthquake disasters. 

A magnetic stratigraphic study was carried out on the drilling core, combined with three OSL dating data from a natural section adjacent to the drilling hole, an effective time scale was established. There are three main results as follows: (1)The polarity sequences shows 5 normal and 5 reverse polarity zones which can be readily correlated with the Geomagnetic Polarity Time Scale (GPTS2012), dating the core from 3.11Ma to 12Ka. (2) The B/M boundary of magnetic strata in the 500m core in western Yili basin is located in the core 80m and M/G line is located in the core 400m. (3) The sedimentation rate in the western Yili Basin increased rapidly at two periods, ~1.17 to 1.07Ma and ~2.13 to 1.77Ma. 

According to the regional reference data, the peak deposition rate in the range of ~ 2.13 to 1.77Ma is closely related to the Xiyu movement in Northwest China, as a corollary, the sedimentation rate should decrease with the end of Xiyu Movement after ~1.77Ma. Another obvious lithofacies change from ~1.17 to 1.07Ma illustrates there should be a tectonic event in the Tian shan region. This Middle Pleistocene uplift can also be evidenced by the age of volcanism in the Qaidam Basin (northeastern Tibetan Plateau), the existence of thick conglomerate deposits surrounding the uplifted plateau, and the increased sedimentation rate of lacustrine deposits in the between ~1.1 and ~0.9Ma ago, followed by the loess and marine records.

How to cite: Xiaoyan, L., Sihua, Y., Chunsheng, J., Xiangdong, B., Jiyi, J., Zhenghong, Z., and Ying, L.: Magnetostratigraphy of the Yili Basin indicates Late Cenozonic activity of the Tianshan Mountain, northwestern China, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-12030,, 2021.