EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Transient simulations over the Common Era in PMIP4/CMIP6

Johann Jungclaus1, Eduardo Alastrue de Asenjo1, Alexandre Cauquoin2,3, Shih-Wei Fang1, Myriam Khodri4, Stephan Lorenz1, Rumi Ohgaito5, Teffy Sam1, Claudia Timmreck1, Matthew Toohey6, Martin Werner2, Kohei Yoshida7, Davide Zanchettin8, and Qiong Zhang9
Johann Jungclaus et al.
  • 1Max-Planck-Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany
  • 2Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • 3Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, Chiba, Japan.
  • 4LOCEAN, IRD/IPSL, Sorbonne University, Paris, France
  • 5Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Yokohama, Japan
  • 6University of Saskatchewan, Institute of Space and Atmospheric Studies Physics and Engineering Physics, Saskatchewan, Canada
  • 7Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency, Tsukuba, Japan
  • 8Ca' Foscari University of Venice Dept. of Environmental Sc., Informatics and Statistics, Venice, Italy
  • 9University of Stockholm, Dept. of Physical Geography, Stockholm, Sweden

The Common Era (CE, i.e. the two millennia before the industrialization) is among the periods selected by the Paleo Model Intercomparison Project (PMIP) for transient experiments contributing to PMIP4. For PMIP4, novel estimates and updates of external forcing have been compiled (Jungclaus et al., GMD, 2017).  In addition to the Tier-1 category simulation “past1000” for the period 850 CE to 1849 CE, the Tier-3 “past2k” experiment covers the entire CE. After serious delays, the ESGF is now being filled by modeling groups running the transient simulations.

Here we provide an overview of the simulations, discuss the range of applied models, and present first results of common analyses from past1000 and subsequent historical simulations. We discuss the long-term climate evolution, the range of internally-generated and externally-forced variability and specific aspects of the response to volcanic forcing.

Another focus is the presentation of the first MPI-ESM ‘past2k’ simulations and their extension to include water isotopes in MPI-ESM-WISO. These simulations extend the pool of current ESM simulations into the 1st millennium CE and represent an important basis to assess the models’ response to external forcing and improved model-data comparison. We analyze regional trends and variations over the last 2000 years in comparison with PAGES2k reconstructions.


How to cite: Jungclaus, J., Alastrue de Asenjo, E., Cauquoin, A., Fang, S.-W., Khodri, M., Lorenz, S., Ohgaito, R., Sam, T., Timmreck, C., Toohey, M., Werner, M., Yoshida, K., Zanchettin, D., and Zhang, Q.: Transient simulations over the Common Era in PMIP4/CMIP6, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-12106,, 2021.

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